The idea of analytic philosophy in contrast with other schools of philosophy
Analytical philosophy has flourished in the United States and England. Analytical philosophy is characterized as a meta-linguistic discipline different from other schools of philosophy regarding empirical science (Stadler & Camilla, 2001). This philosophy is mainly concerned with our representation of objects rather the objects themselves. This involves a conceptual analysis that incorporates the objects of philosophical analysis. Analytical philosophy considers these concepts to be mental representations rather than abstract entities.
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The role of Vienna circle in the history of analytic philosophy
The Vienna Circle entered its public period in1929 when analytic philosophy was beginning to root itself as a discipline (Stadler & Camilla, 2001). Logical empiricism developed independently, and it opposed the emerging analytical tradition. Members of the Vienna Circle and its periphery including Rudolf Carnap, A.J. Ayer, Hans Reichenbach, and Carl Hempel, all became significant figures in the analytical school of thought. However, some philosopher were concerned by the new trajectory of the philosophy. This led to division analytical philosophy into American pragmatism and logical empiricism.
The logical positivism to the natural language theorist
The logical positivists opposed and rejected the study of reality and the nature of being as having one meaning. They also opposed the inclusion of synthetic before a proposition such as “all women are happy.”
Stadler, F., & Camilla N. (2001). The Vienna Circle: Studies in the origins, development, and influence of logical empiricism. Wien: Springer.