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Canada: The First Victim of Global Climate Change


Climate change is a worldwide phenomenon, which directly affects all nations. However, the effect is more explicit among countries closest to the poles, such as Canada. Such an occurrence negatively affects the nation’s economy, urban infrastructure, and politics due to ice caps melting. The economy and the financial sector are primarily influenced by the overall increase of risk factors associated with climate change, such as storms, avalanches, or droughts. The prevalence of highly fluctuating climate with high-end extremes can lead to urban shifts in the form of infrastructure destructions and uninhabitable zones. Canada’s political arena will also be affected because such ramifications will build the basis to support climate change proponents. Lastly, the country’s ecosystems will be severely damaged due to biodiversity and habitat loss.

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Canada’s economy and infrastructure have experienced some form of hindrance due to climate change. Climatic systems in Canada changed both as a result of non-anthropogenic and anthropogenic influences, and external influences and natural internal processes. There is a presence of long-term climatic cycles, which in the allocated period took the pattern of periodic glaciations, and the present time falls on the interglacial. In addition to elevated sea levels, rising global temperatures will also lead to changes in the amount and precipitation distribution. As a result, natural disasters, such as floods, droughts, hurricanes, and others, became more frequent, crop yields decreased, and many species disappeared. Warming should, in all likelihood, increase the frequency and scale of such phenomena. In Canada, there is an increase in atmospheric CO2, and warming leads to serious changes in the taiga and tundra ecosystems of the Arctic and Subarctic. There was a change in productivity, a shift in species composition, a shift in the border between the forest and the tundra.

However, its negative effect will be more detrimental in the future. The climate is constantly changing under the influence of natural and human-made factors. Among the anthropogenic factors of climate change, the greenhouse effect is the most significant. Never in the past half, a million years has there been such a high concentration of GHGs in the atmosphere. The increase in carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere is the result of the release of carbon mainly by human intervention, such as industrial emissions, the burning of various fossil fuels, and a reduction in the forest area. It is important to note that the issue of climate change is a major global crisis. The Canadian economy, urbanization, and politics will directly experience the effects of climate change. A change in the processes of heat and moisture transfer may occur, which will lead to an increase in the number, intensity, and frequency of natural disasters. This will critically affect the country’s urbanization and infrastructure. Melting ice sheets of Antarctica and Greenland are leading to a rise in sea level, which will cause the collapse of coastal structures and coastal erosion, salinization of drinking water.

Subsequently, the Canadian economy will suffer severely due to a lack of basic resources and the dysfunctionality of offshore infrastructures. Productivity reduction is possible in most tropical and subtropical regions in the middle latitudes, which poses a threat to global food security. There are negative effects on human health, such as the effects of heat stress on the most vulnerable populations, the spread of disease vectors, and lowering the quality of water and food. The instability of ecosystems may begin to increase, which may cause irreversible losses in them. Politics will be affected due to the serious socio-political consequences of the region, such as climate refugees, imbalances in quality, cost of living, and equality.


In conclusion, it is important to note that Canada will be one of the first victims of global climate change. The nation’s economy will be primarily damaged by several factors, such as irregular droughts, sea-level increases, and abnormal wave patterns. The country’s financial sector will have to account for environmental risk factors, which will be a heavy burden on the economy. Canada’s infrastructure and urbanization will be severely damaged by the shift and expansion of uninhabitable zones, which will lead to climate refugees. The latter will impact the nation’s socio-political state, where various regions will experience a major drop in quality of living.

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