Chomsky defines ‘competence’ as “the ability of the idealized speaker – hearer to associate sounds and meanings strictly following the rules of his language” (Chomsky 2006, p. 103) and considers ‘performance’ as the ability to apply the competence into speaking – hearing procedures and show personal knowledge (Chomsky 2006, p. 103). Miller (1975) has called Chomsky’s vision of competence and performance a rationalistic one. Trying to explain Chomsky’s vision of competence and performance, Stoof (2002) is sure that this notion is bounded with people, goals, and context.
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Coming out of the considered information, it should be stated that competence is the human ability to use theoretical knowledge and apply them to practice. For example, people may have competence in linguistics which is necessary for learning literature. Linguistic competence requires the awareness of communicative competence, etc. (Sahin, M 2002). Competences are related to “knowledge, skills and attitudes” (Westera 2001, p. 78) that are to be reflected in the performance.
Having defined performance as the ability to implement competencies, therefore, the examples of the performance should be the practical presentations of discussed competencies. Thus, competence in linguistics if presented as the performance may be explained as the ability to use language (speaking, reading, listening, and writing).
Gehring, TM, Debry, M & Smith, PK 2001, The Family System Test (Fast): Theory and Application, Psychology Press, New York.
Miller, G. A. (1975). Some comments on competence and performance. In D. Aaronson & R. W. Rieber (Eds.), Developmental psycholinguistics and communication disorders. New York; New York Academy of Sciences.
Sally, D 2004, “Social maneuvers and theory of mind’, Marquette Law Review, vol.87, pp. 893-902.
Stoof, A 2002, ‘The boundary approach of competence: A constructivist aid for understanding and using the concept of competence’, Human Resource Development Review, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 345-365.
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Westera, W 2001, ‘Competences in education: A confusion of tongues’, Journal of Curriculum Studies, vol. 33, iss. 1, pp. 75-88.