Since 1950, people have tried to compare machine intelligence to human intelligence using cognition. The Stanford Binet test of measuring intelligence utilizes young people in order to assess their ability to understand elements. The elements used in the Stanford test are visual, speech voice, calculable techniques and short-term memory.
It also includes the ability to interact different entities to form a conclusion, vocabulary, comprehension, paper manipulation techniques, equation building and numeric comprehension. It measures IQ by means of speed, knowledge, solving problems, attentiveness, flexibility and storage memory.
It utilizes the L-M scale that sets the upper and lower boundaries to test humans at all levels of mental ability. Most institutions such as the gifted development Centre use the Stanford test as supplementary to others like the Wechsler test.
Machine’s ability to achieve goals set in the world occurs by the use of artificial intelligence. The Watson system held the ability to think like human beings and use creativity and critical skills. The IBM Company created it in a form that it can answer questions posed to it. In the Jeopardy quiz show, Watson machine competed against human intelligence.
This show features general knowledge testing on issues such as geography, culture, arts, science and sports. Watson defeated the world champion on the Jeopardy show, Rutter Brad, in the competition, in 2011. Watson machine system utilizes information stored in it from the Wikipedia, encyclopedias, literature materials and dictionaries.
It requires questions structured in a wide or direct format that will assist it in comprehending the provided data. It gave answers and clues that were alike to the ones given by its competitors (Silverman, 2002).
Through this logic game, Watson proved to be a system that can store information, synthesis it through intellectual processes and use the combination to give the desired output. It also proved to make calculations and sought out different data to pick the most appropriate for answering the questions.
It used database in its storage to check the validity of its answers, which is similar to how humans use their intelligence. Intelligence used has to be appropriate and in cognitive terms. The Watson system utilizes all human aspects used by humans in their thinking processes. However, it is better since it does not affect its ability to synthesis data due to emotions but limited to information that reigns in its software.
The humans have an advantage over the machine system since they can present responses without their complete surety of correctness. This is a super means to attain desired results without any compromise on accuracy. Watson system only answers questions after it becomes very sure of the answer it gives (Baker, 2011).
The performance displayed by the Watson system showed extensive use of its ability to reason. The results used in measuring its general knowledge are valid since the system was able to utilize the basic tools for displaying intelligence.
It proved its high level of skill utilization and exceptional ability to cognize within a short period just like human beings. The Stanford intelligence scale rates the ability of a system as its best or lowest point of operation (Baker, 2003). In this case, Watson proved to be better in cognition than some of the humans perceived to be the best. It, therefore, showed its superior ability of an extreme intelligent system.
Baker, S. (2011). Final Jeopardy: Man Vs Machine and the Quest to Know Everything. Haughton: Mifflin Harcourt.
Baker, K. (2003). History of Stanford Binet Intelligence Scales. New York: Riverside.
Silverman, L. (2002). The Examiner. The Journal of the Kansas Association of School Psychologists, 28(3), 20-21.