The purpose of healthcare organizations is to provide patients with highly qualified medical care. Clinical practice is based on a systematic review of evidence and includes recommendations for proper organizing and optimizing the process of work. Nowadays, there is a tendency to modernize the implementation of medical services and structure healthcare organizations for business objectives. This paper aims to discuss the presence and influence of corporations on clinical practice in the United States.
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The Impact of Technology
IT development corporations influence clinical practice by introducing new programs in the healthcare system. IT is used to improve clinical decision making by automating the process. One example of this impact is the introduction of the electronic medical record (EMR) and the electronic health record (EHR) (Brown, Patrick, & Pasupathy, 2013). It also provides decision support in the form of structured clinical protocols. Another example is clinical decision support system (CDSS) that gives users a database designed for patients. Thus, IT facilitates the restructuring of the clinical process and healthcare organizations and demonstrates clinical results and patient satisfaction.
The field of science also influences clinical practice by using scientific information as the basis for clinical guidelines and protocols. Studies show that clinical guidelines lead to better outcomes, although the characteristics of guidelines often make generalizations difficult (Brown et al., 2013). They should be independent of government, different corporations, and special interest. Sometimes, organizations and policymakers reinforce probabilistic decision tools by financial and punitive measures. Legislative mandates might be based on incentives of selected decision rules (Brown et al., 2013). Moreover, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 and the principles for its implementing have many prescriptive aspects.
To sum up, modern clinical practice is a complex system influenced by many corporations. Information technology allows analyzing large databases and finding relationships between clinical decisions and effects. Science provides evidence on clinical guidelines and protocols and serves for designing work procedures and decision systems. These areas help healthcare organizations and specialists improve the provision of medical care to patients, optimize, and modernize the health system without turning it into a business.
Brown, G. D., Patrick, T. B., & Pasupathy, K. S. (2013). Health informatics: a systems perspective. Chicago, IL: Health Administration Press.