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Diabetes Type 1 and 2


Millions of people all over the world suffer from diabetes. This health condition is characterized by increased blood sugar levels during a long period of time. In case this disease is not treated correctly, individuals with diabetes are at risk of receiving severe health complications, such as a stroke and various heart illnesses (Chatterjee, Khunti, & Davies, 2017). For this reason, it is essential to gain more knowledge about diabetes and be informed about its symptoms and consequences. While having a clear understanding of the problem, people will be able to differentiate the types of diabetes, recognize the signs of the illness, and prevent it from developing. Thus, the following paper will discuss diabetes type 1 and 2 and specific measures that can be undertaken to ensure that the disease does not appear in the body.

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Differences Between the Types

There are several types of diabetes that can influence the well-being of people; however, type 1 and 2 are the most common. The first type of illness is also called juvenile diabetes and occurs when the organism cannot produce insulin (DiMeglio, Evans-Molina, & Oram, 2018). Therefore, individuals that suffer from this type are insulin-dependent and have to take injections daily to stay alive (DiMeglio et al., 2018). At the same time, diabetes type 2 influences the way the human body uses insulin. In comparison to type 1, people with this illness produce this hormone, but their cells do not respond to it appropriately (Chatterjee et al., 2017). This issue accounts for around 90% of all patients with diabetes, making it the most common type (Chatterjee et al., 2017). Hence, the main difference between the first and second type is the ability of the body to produce insulin.


It is necessary to mention that the constantly advancing healthcare system gives an opportunity to research different types of diabetes and understand their causes and effects on human health. Over the last 25 years, knowledge about this disease has increased and gave professionals a possibility to understand its various aspects, such as epidemiology, genetics, and burdens (DiMeglio et al., 2018). Consequently, doctors can now recognize the symptoms without difficulties, complete appropriate tests, and assign people with an accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Preventative Measures

In case individuals lead a healthy lifestyle and undertake specific measures, the appearance of diabetes will be prevented. It is primarily necessary to understand whether a person is at risk of suffering from this disease. If an individual has a history of diabetes in the family, a lifestyle intervention and a carbohydrate-rich diet should be recommended (Brouns, 2018). In addition, even low-risk groups need to control their weight, exercise regularly, limit alcohol intake, and refrain from smoking (Brouns, 2018). By maintaining a healthy style of living and following a nutritious diet, people can make sure that diabetes will not develop in their bodies and cause more severe health complications.


To summarize, diabetes is a common disease that can lead to adverse consequences for humans’ overall health if not treated properly. There are various types of diabetes; however, type 1 and 2 are the most popular with type 2 being the prevalent one and affecting 90% of all patients. In order to understand the early symptoms of diabetes and prevent it from developing in the body, people need to possess enough knowledge about the issue. Thus, the presented paper discussed diabetes type 1 and 2 and their diagnosis and suggested some preventative measures.


Brouns, F. (2018). Overweight and diabetes prevention: is a low-carbohydrate–high-fat diet recommendable? European journal of nutrition, 57(4), 1301-1312. Web.

Chatterjee, S., Khunti, K., & Davies, M. J. (2017). Type 2 diabetes. The Lancet, 389(10085), 2239-2251. Web.

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DiMeglio, L. A., Evans-Molina, C., & Oram, R. A. (2018). Type 1 diabetes. The Lancet, 391(10138), 2449-2462. Web.

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