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Effective Leadership Styles and Its Roles


The world is always changing, and so do the principles and approaches to management. New Science offers a range of methods that help managers to run organizations more effectively. According to Wheatley (2006), the world evolves when people interact with it. She states that it is more important to explore the world than to make conclusions. Hence, modern organizations should adapt to changing surroundings to comply with the customer’s demands. A supervisor’s role is to allow freedom, share diverse information, and create a disturbing environment to ensure the organization’s development.

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A new approach to running organizations requires a new way of thinking. Wheatley (2006) believes that changes in organizations play a crucial role in their development and achieving success. For this purpose, a leader should look at the whole system, not only its parts. An effective leader possesses emotional intelligence and has certain thinking habits (Higgs and Dulewicz, 2016). For instance, a common rule for all supervisors should be to avoid extreme and negative thinking. The world is complex, and it would be wrong to see it as black and white, especially when running an organization. Negative thoughts are highly destructive, and a successful manager should avoid them.

It is also a necessary skill for a leader to admit one’s errors and accept responsibility for mistakes. It would be inappropriate behavior to blame other people for their defects. Every person has a right to be imperfect and make mistakes, and leaders should be able to understand people and forgive them. Wheatley (2006) points out that chaos can bring order to organizations. So, effective leaders should encourage freedom and disturbances in companies. This practice could allow stakeholders to have a flexible mind and adjust to the customer’s requests. Wheatly (2006) also states that people have data in the modern world but do not know how to use it. It seems to be an essential skill for managers to translate data into information and then organize it. When managers and employees know how to use data and organize information, it ensures the enterprise’s success. Another important element of all organizations is changing. Therefore, it is essential for supervisors to know how to introduce it.

It is of paramount importance for a leader to look at a situation from different angles and do not make hasty conclusions. Moreover, it is better to concentrate on one thing at a time and organize tasks on the priorities. The thinking habits and styles mentioned above are believed to shape a leader’s behavior and tactics as they are closely connected (Curtis, 2020). An effective manager is always ready for changes and encourages freedom and independence. Moreover, they are able to see an organization as an indivisible whole and not as separate parts. It is also important to provide workers with information as its absence may lead to misunderstandings.


All in all, New Science reflects on a new approach to effective leadership and proposes methods and practices that can help organizations to gain success. In her book, Wheatley covers New Science’s main ideas and states that they can be used to make an enterprise more productive. From her perspective, a leader should always welcome changes, promote independence and freedom, and develop certain thinking habits. It is believed that chaos is beneficial for organizations as it can establish order. Therefore, a supervisor should encourage disruption because it may cause resilience and development.


Curtis, G. J. (2020). Follower‐rated leadership styles, leader behaviors, and leaders’ thinking styles: A test of the cognitive experiential leadership model. Australian Journal of Psychology.

Higgs, M., & Dulewicz, V. (2016). Developments in leadership thinking. In Leading with emotional intelligence. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, 75-103. 

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Wheatley, M. (2006). Leadership and the new science: Discovering order in a chaotic world. Berrett-Koehler.

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