To be good at their job, scientists should believe in evolution
While some individuals might claim that this statement refers to a fact or fiction, it should be considered as opinion. First and foremost, the false causality principle denounces the possibility of considering the provided statement as a fact (Welch, 2017). For example, believing in evolution does not prove the quality of the scientist’s job since it does not affect their final work results. Secondly, the statement can not also be perceived as fiction since evolution theory plays a critical role in many scientific argumentation methods. For instance, certain scientists claim that Darwin’s theory of evolution from monkeys is fundamentally based on the same principles as the basic concept of evolutionary theory (Winegard et al., 2020). Finally, the statement is expressed from the subjective standpoint due to the existence of the critics of such affirmation (Welch, 2017). As a result, ‘to be good at their job, scientists should believe in evolution should be considered as personal and subjective opinion.
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The theory of evolution has changed since the time of Darwin.
The statement concerning the confirmation of evolution theory’s change since the time of Darwin should be interpreted and used as a fact. Firstly, the theory of evolution was formulated before Darwin but gained significant recognition and discussion in the scientific society only when he demonstrated his vision of humanity’s origin of development. Secondly, the expression lacks value judgment so that the degree of subjectivity is approaching neutral, which is not sufficient to become an opinion. Last but not least, Darwin developed an important genetical concept, which significantly influenced the development of the evolution theory (Winegard et al., 2020). Consequently, due to the general recognition, lack of subjectivity, and absolute visibility of the certain impact, the expression ‘The theory of evolution has changed since the time of Darwin’ should be considered as a fact.
Welch, J. J. (2017). What’s wrong with evolutionary biology? Biology & Philosophy, 32(2), 263–279. Web.
Winegard, B., Winegard, B., & Anomaly, J. (2020). Dodging Darwin: race, evolution, and the hereditarian hypothesis. Personality and Individual Differences, 160, 109915–109925. Web.