Hispanic and Latino Population Presentation

Cultural Group: Hispanics and Latinos

A Brief History of the Cultural Group

  • Migrate to America from neighboring countries;
  • Primarily arrived in the 1980s (Arellano-Morales & Sosa, 2018);
  • Constitute the USA’s largest minority group (Garcia, 2017);
  • Have a history of discrimination;
  • Retain distinguishing characteristics from each other.

Values and Worldview

  • Distinguish themselves with a community-oriented worldview;
  • Retain strong Catholic religious ties (Acuna, 2017);
  • Maintain strong sociopolitical stances (Garcia & Sanchez, 2016);
  • Are often placed contra “American values” (Acuna, 2017, p. 26);
  • Cannot be identified as anti-American outliers.

Language and Communication Patterns

  • A common language identifies Hispanics;
  • Except for Brazilians, Latinos speak Spanish (Acuna, 2017);
  • Language becomes symbolic of cultural identification;
  • First-generation immigrants have difficulty learning English (Arellano-Morales & Sosa, 2018);
  • Children’s bilingualism may be valued.

Art and Other Expressive Forms

  • Art-related affairs are perceived positively;
  • Emotional expressivity is not restricted (Arellano-Morales & Sosa, 2018);
  • It demonstrates people’s cultural affiliation;
  • Requires a communal “system of meaning” (Garcia, 2017, p. 272);
  • Artistic expression may derive from identity.

Norms and Rules

  • Families propagate previously apperceived rules;
  • Colonization and history shape norms (Arellano-Morales & Sosa, 2018);
  • Gender expression is strongly culture-adherent (Acuna, 2017);
  • Respect is integral within local societies;
  • Traditionalism prevails in centralized communities.

Lifestyle Characteristics

  • Culture is omnipresent in people’s lives;
  • Close-knit communities instill homogenized behavior (Garcia, 2017);
  • “Cultural cues” outline analogous goals (Garcia, 2017, p. 19);
  • “Lifestyle improvements” are perceived positively (Arellano-Morales & Sosa, 2018, p. 100);
  • Upper-middle-class lifestyles are highly valued.

Relationship Patterns and Common Rituals

  • Associations inside a community are essential;
  • The extended family maintains close contacts (Garcia & Sanchez, 2016);
  • Respect is the basis for interactions;
  • “Confianza” is crucial to relationships (Arellano-Morales & Sosa, 2018, p. 168);
  • Everyday rituals interlink religion and culture.

Degree of Assimilation or Marginalization from Mainstream Society

  • Group together based on origins;
  • Undergo a “pan-ethnic identification” process (Garcia, 2017, p. 226);
  • Maintain a community-based approach to immigration (Garcia & Sanchez, 2016);
  • Taboos on particular relationships may exist (Arellano-Morales & Sosa, 2018);
  • Dual cultural apperception may be prevalent.

Health Behaviors and Practices

  • Cultural customs may dictate health;
  • Low-income families have less healthy behaviors (Arellano-Morales & Sosa, 2018);
  • Children uplift their parent’s habits;
  • “Acculturation” further stimulates detrimental health practices (Acuna, 2017, p. 177);
  • Adverse health effects introduced during assimilation.

Socio-Cultural Group: Cuban Heritage

A Brief History of the Socio-Cultural Group

  • Constitute Latino and Hispanic subgroups;
  • Castro’s regime influenced immigration practices (Castellanos & Gloria, 2018);
  • Have the highest business-count among Latinos (Acuna, 2017);
  • Not homogenous in racial origin (Arellano-Morales & Sosa, 2018);
  • Differ widely in socioeconomic standing.

Values and Worldview

  • May maintain cautious political opinions;
  • Historical memory linked to human rights violations (Castellanos & Gloria, 2018);
  • Support governmental activity the least (Garcia & Sanchez, 2016);
  • Orient themselves towards entrepreneurial values (Garcia, 2017);
  • A business-related orientation is valued.

Language and Communication Patterns

  • Language becomes a heritage symbol;
  • Language proficiency linked with re-naturalization aspirations (Castellanos & Gloria, 2018);
  • Sayings and stories permeate life (Castellanos & Gloria, 2018);
  • Communication patterns rely on common heritage;
  • Contacts with Latino communities strengthened.

Art and Other Expressive Forms

  • Communities may value emotional expressivity;
  • Music carries obscure cultural meaning (Castellanos & Gloria, 2018);
  • Dance may maintain importance by association;
  • Communication through art is sustained;
  • Strong artistic expression is encouraged.

Norms and Rules

  • Historical influence created particular conditions;
  • Independence is valued over affirmative action (Garcia & Sanchez, 2016);
  • Demonstrate strong tendencies towards republicanism (Garcia & Sanchez, 2016);
  • An outlier community among Latino norms;
  • Maintain a desire for independence.

Lifestyle Characteristics

  • Living among Cubans is perceived positively;
  • Entrepreneurial affinity dictates business-related occupations (Garcia, 2017);
  • May attain higher socio-economical standing;
  • Financial stability gives heightened visibility (Acuna, 2017);
  • Money and reputation achieve security.

Relationship Patterns and Common Rituals

  • Rely on contacts within their culture;
  • An “exile community” interlinks people (Garcia, 2017, p. 58);
  • Attachment to respect and care (Castellanos & Gloria, 2018);
  • Pleasing interactions form a communicational basis;
  • Relationship patterns are extended family-inclusive.

Degree of Assimilation or Marginalization from Mainstream Society

  • High socioeconomic standing demonstrates social integration;
  • Prefer acculturation over assimilation (Acuna, 2017);
  • Some children-emigres lose cultural contacts (Castellanos & Gloria, 2018);
  • Mono or bicultural apperceptions may exist;
  • Varied cultural appreciation may prevail.

Health Behaviors and Practices

  • Distinct from other Latino experiences;
  • Have a heightened risk for cancers (Arellano-Morales & Sosa, 2018);
  • Demonstrate a higher life expectancy (Arellano-Morales & Sosa, 2018);
  • Income bracket could affect results;
  • Behavior may be uplifted during naturalization.

Both Groups

A Comparison and Contrast Analysis of Common Characteristics and Distinguishing Traits between the Groups

  • Perceive government assistance drastically differently;
  • Differ in average socioeconomic standing;
  • Maintain similar, respectful relationship patterns;
  • Rely predominantly on community-inclusive connections;
  • Creative cultural expression is valued.

A Discussion of Differential Approaches Needed by Health Care Professionals

  • Lifestyle betterment outlined as crucial;
  • Artistic pastimes can be utilized;
  • Communal help may be expected;
  • Gender norms should be anticipated;
  • Require varied approaches to expenditure.

References

Acuna, R. F. (2017). US Latino issues (2nd ed.). Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood.

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Arellano-Morales, L., & Sosa, E. T. (2018). Latina/o American health and mental health: Practices and challenges. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

Castellanos, J., & Gloria, A. M. (2018). Cuban Americans: From golden exiles to dusty feet – Freedom, hope, endurance, and the American dream. In P. Arredondo (Ed.), Latinx immigrants: Transcending acculturation and xenophobia (pp. 75-94). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.

Garcia, F. C., & Sanchez, G. R. (2016). Hispanics and the US political system: Moving into the mainstream (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.

Garcia, J. A. (2017). Latino politics in America: Community, culture, and interests (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Rowman & Littlefield.

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StudyCorgi. (2021, May 31). Hispanic and Latino Population Presentation. Retrieved from https://studycorgi.com/hispanic-and-latino-population-presentation/

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"Hispanic and Latino Population Presentation." StudyCorgi, 31 May 2021, studycorgi.com/hispanic-and-latino-population-presentation/.

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StudyCorgi. "Hispanic and Latino Population Presentation." May 31, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/hispanic-and-latino-population-presentation/.

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StudyCorgi. (2021) 'Hispanic and Latino Population Presentation'. 31 May.

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