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Islamic Law and Its Legal System


Islamic law entails the various legal systems that have been implemented to be in accord with the Islamic faith. Islamic law has been significant for decades as it has represented an essential part of Muslims. It has also been reinterpreted and adapted to the changing issues in society. Moreover, the world is changing rapidly, and the legal system has to be employed and updated to fit in the contemporary world. This report focuses on Islamic law’s background, current legal structure, and its importance.

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The Islamic law is known as Sharia and has been an integral part of the Muslim religion for many years. The law was developed after Muhammad introduced the Muslim religion into the chaotic Arab world (Coulson, 2017).

The laws were essential as they ensured that people appreciated and respected one another in the community. Additionally, the laws demanded believers to obey the set rules and God’s will. Human conduct has primarily been emphasized in Islamic law (Constitutional Rights Foundation, 2019). The legal system ensured that Islamic law grew along with the expanding Muslim Empire. In this case, as more people became aware of the Islam, laws were spread in these regions to ensure that people lived ethically. Therefore, Islamic law has been essential to the Muslim faith and has been used for many years following the expansion of Islam.

Current Legal Structure

The current legal structure of Islamic law has focused on human behavior and the need for believers to follow their creator’s guidelines. In this case, the laws focus on the conduct of a Muslim’s life and have primarily been derived from Quran. The system also involves the duties that obey the virtue of the Muslims’ religious beliefs. For instance, the known practices of Prophet Muhammad have been implemented in the current structure, whereby obligatory actions must be performed and should be accomplished with good intentions that can be rewarded (Coulson, 2017). Being at peace is one of these acts that have been encouraged in the legal structure.

People are encouraged to focus on the need to live as brothers and sisters in the community. Issues such as murder and adultery have been discouraged, and the law states that people who exercise such acts should be penalized (Constitutional Rights Foundation, 2019). Legal philosophy is also involved in Islamic law, which entails promoting human welfare based on fulfilling the necessities, needs, and comforts. For instance, the Sharia protects these necessities by ensuring their establishment and by preserving them. The needs and comforts are also covered since Islamic law permits human happiness within the spirit of divine guidance. Therefore, the current legal structure has primarily focused on the conduct of Muslims and the need to have good morals.

Importance of Islamic Law

Typically, laws are implemented to ensure that people do not engage in unethical acts. Hence, Islamic laws were introduced to guide people in their lives. The policies also have limited issues such as murder in the community. For instance, in Islam, it is always regarded as the height of mercy to forgive a murderer (Coulson, 2017). Helping others in time of need is another issue encouraged in Islam. Consequently, the laws have been used to ensure that people can live together in society irrespective of their differences. Obeying the creator has also been a significant aspect of Islamic law.


To conclude, Islamic law has played an essential role in society. Moreover, it has been applied to ensure that it fits in modern society. The structure of the policies has focused on the emerging issues in the community and has been designed to prevent people from engaging in immoral acts. Issues such as theft and adultery have been minimized using these laws. The regulations have also been derived from the Quran and Muhammad’s teachings. Therefore, one can argue that Islamic law and its legal system are vital as they focus on human conduct.

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Constitutional Rights Foundation. (2019). The origins of Islamic law. Web.

Coulson, N. J. (2017). A history of Islamic law. Routledge.

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