King Menes as a historical figure in western civilization participated immensely in Egyptian civilization. Egypt consisted of two kingdoms, which were the Upper Egypt, in addition to Lower Egypt. Lower Egypt was symbolized by a cobra, while a lotus signified Upper Egypt. The paper tries to analyze the success and achievements of King Menes in Western civilization.
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Success and achievements of King Menes
King Menes who was the leader of Lower Egypt united the kingdoms following conquering of Upper Egypt. King Menes formed the Egyptian pharaohs founding their dynasties which ruled up to the demise of Cleopatra and triumphant Roman attack of Egypt. He pioneered the wearing of crowns in the two kingdoms. The white tiara was for the Upper kingdom; alternatively Red Crown symbolized Lower Kingdom. The king who led both kingdoms lived in the former Lower Kingdom which was more developed in terms of industrial aspects between the two kingdoms even in the present Egypt (Bell & Quie, 2010).
The capital city was built by the king in Memphis which was centrally located amid the two kingdoms. He built a large dam and established an outflow for the man made river flow. King Menes was the architect of the first dynasty in the year 3000 BC. Menes was instrumental in founding Memphis which was the capital city and located it on an island found in the Nile region. This was because of the accessibility of the location and the strategic point of the place in terms of defense. He also formed the Crocodilipolis reign.
The significant political occurrence in the olden Egyptian history is the landmark unification of the two kingdoms by King Menes. This led to the formation of a solid and a centralized government led by a god Pharaoh. The economic stability and political ideologies in the country became under the scrutiny of the royal influence. The government was directly responsible for the employment of soldiers, artisans, in addition to bureaucrats who were, helpful in providing goods along with services to benefit the wealthy individuals together with the gods in that state. The most observable element of civilization in Egypt was the crowning which did not stop permanently, until after the start of the popular Roman era, established by August Caesar. It saw the rise of military activities accompanied with foreign invasion. The army ambushed the Nubians who lived in the south thus increased expansion of his territory and influence in the region (Platt & Parkins, 2005).
King Semti, the fifth ruler in the United Kingdom, used the term the emperor of both the south and the northern king to explain the notion that the original dynasties had established their authority in the northern kingdom steadily, and not in an, imperialistic pace. The antique Egypt religion entails worshiping many other gods and ancient super beings like Horus. Religious temples were made so as to honor the primeval gods. Egypt prospered due to trade among its neighboring communities such as the Syrians populace, Libyans, together with Mesopotamians (Teeter 2011).
His death remained a mystery as speculations are that he died from crocodiles attack in the Nile at a place called Fayum. He left behind a cultural legacy in place by leaving the religious temples and festivals untouched and accepted the gods found in the northern kingdom. His sensible acts proved that the Horus worshipers were not willing to neglect the advancements made by people, other than aggression so as to form a premise to enable merging of civilizations under Horus’s command. King Menes was a responsible leader who believed in change and was in the forefront of promoting Egyptian civilization in the ancient Egypt. He died after sixty three years, and the king tomb is found in Saggara at the famous necropolis in Memphis.
Bell, M., & Quie, S. (2010). Ancient Egyptian civilization. New York: Rosen Central.
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Platt, R., & Parkins, D. (2005). Egyptian diary: the journal of Nakht. London: Candlewick Press.
Teeter, E. (2011). Before the pyramids: the origins of Egyptian civilization. New York: Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.