Native American and Cherokee Heritage Populations

Cultural Group: Native American

History and Language

  • Were native to North American continent;
  • Were discovered by Europeans: 15th century;
  • Lived in tribes with own hierarchies;
  • Speak multiple languages depending tribe belonging;
  • Were oppressed and put in reservations.

Norms

  • Have unique belief systems and traditions;
  • Family is seen as cornerstone of society;
  • The elderly are valued and respected;
  • Practice Christian and Native tribal religions;
  • Ceremonies reinforce their values and beliefs.

Art

  • Both collective and individual art exists;
  • Art objects serve a functional purpose;
  • Art could be religious and political;
  • Natural materials were used as art;
  • Art reflects belonging to tribes.

Lifestyle Characteristics

  • Today, Native Americans live regular lives;
  • They work a lot to sustain families;
  • Hunting and gathering are still present;
  • Most live in reservation territories (“Living conditions,” 2015);
  • Are very close to each other socially.

Relationship Patterns and Common Rituals

  • Close-knit relationships with family and friends;
  • Low population numbers keep communities close;
  • Family – the center of relationships;
  • Kinship status is highly valued within communities;
  • Tribes maintain sovereignty from the US.

Degree of Assimilation or Marginalization from Mainstream Society

  • The group has not assimilated successfully;
  • Reservations – a barrier from mainstream society (Brave, 2016);
  • Younger generations tend to do better;
  • Tribally-centered beliefs marginalize communities;
  • History of tensions limits assimilation significantly.

Health Behaviors and Practices

  • High behavioral risks – poor health outcomes;
  • High prevalence of consuming tobacco;
  • High rates of physical inactivity, obesity;
  • Low fruit and vegetable consumption;
  • Limited cancer screening and seatbelt use (Cobb, Espey, & King, 2014).

Socio-Cultural Group: Cherokee Heritage

History

  • One of the largest tribes;
  • Name: “people of different speech” (The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica, 2019, para. 1);
  • Amounted to 22,500 people in 1650 (The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica, 2019);
  • Controlled territories of 40,000 square miles;
  • North and South Carolina, Tennessee, Appalachians.

Values and Worldview

  • Values of harmony and balance;
  • Ethnomedical system and environmental ethics;
  • Honor nature and animals as sacred;
  • Living in harmony with the world (Duran, 2002);
  • Believe in ghosts and after-life.

Language and Communication Patterns

  • Cherokee language – native tribal language;
  • Native language declining in use;
  • Differs from other Iroquoian languages;
  • Used for official communication and education;
  • Families may speak in Cherokee language.

Art

  • Traditional clothing and accessories: utility;
  • Pottery and basketry are present today;
  • Use natural materials and organic paints;
  • Art, including literature, is nature-centric;
  • Stories and books also retold history.

Norms and Rules, Lifestyle Characteristics

  • Norms and rules influenced by heritage;
  • Education is of high importance;
  • Family and father roles are important;
  • Women take subordinate positions, preserve families;
  • The old are valued by Cherokee.

Relationship Patterns and Common Rituals

  • Numbers and colors occur in ceremonies;
  • Purification ceremony: bathing in water;
  • Spirituality is valued in relationships;
  • Children are expected to obey parents;
  • Witchcraft remains an important aspect.

Degree of Assimilation or Marginalization from Mainstream Society

  • Reasonable degree of assimilation to society;
  • Christian religion allowed to assimilate further;
  • Communities promote their cultural identity;
  • Promote interactions with other groups;
  • Reservations encourage keeping communities close.

Health Behaviors and Practices

  • Natural healing rituals to maintain health;
  • Substance misuse and addiction to tobacco;
  • Increased occurrence of life stressors;
  • Poor cancer management and prevention strategies;
  • Inadequate financial capabilities for health maintenance.

Both Groups

Common and Distinguishing Characteristics

  • Common: the value of family structures;
  • Common: values are nature-oriented;
  • Common: addiction to tobacco use;
  • Common: ineffective health behaviors and outcomes;
  • Different: Cherokee are better assimilated.

Approaches to Health Care

  • Both groups can be approached similarly;
  • Tobacco abuse needs to be prioritized;
  • Cancer screening should be implemented;
  • Holistic practices should be integrated;
  • Financial support is greatly needed.

References

Brave, J. (2016). Rand Paul thinks ‘lack of assimilation’ is Native Americans’ problem. HuffPost. Web.

We will write a
custom essay
specifically for you

for only $16.05 $11/page
308 certified writers online
Learn More

Cobb, N., Espey, D., & King, J. (2014). Health behaviors and risk factors among American Indians and Alaska Natives, 2000-2010. American Journal of Public Health, 104(Suppl 3), 481-489.

Duran, B. (2002). American Indian belief systems and traditional practices. Web.

The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica. (2019). Cherokee. Web.

Living conditions. (2015). Web.

Print Сite this

Cite this paper

Select style

Reference

StudyCorgi. (2021, May 31). Native American and Cherokee Heritage Populations. Retrieved from https://studycorgi.com/native-american-and-cherokee-heritage-populations/

Work Cited

"Native American and Cherokee Heritage Populations." StudyCorgi, 31 May 2021, studycorgi.com/native-american-and-cherokee-heritage-populations/.

1. StudyCorgi. "Native American and Cherokee Heritage Populations." May 31, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/native-american-and-cherokee-heritage-populations/.


Bibliography


StudyCorgi. "Native American and Cherokee Heritage Populations." May 31, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/native-american-and-cherokee-heritage-populations/.

References

StudyCorgi. 2021. "Native American and Cherokee Heritage Populations." May 31, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/native-american-and-cherokee-heritage-populations/.

References

StudyCorgi. (2021) 'Native American and Cherokee Heritage Populations'. 31 May.

Copy to clipboard

This paper was written and submitted to our database by a student to assist your with your own studies. You are free to use it to write your own assignment, however you must reference it properly.

If you are the original creator of this paper and no longer wish to have it published on StudyCorgi, request the removal.

Psst... Stuck with your
assignment? 😱
Susan
Online
Psst... Stuck with your assignment? 😱
Do you need an essay to be done?
Yes
What type of assignment 📝 do you need?
Yes
How many pages (words) do you need? Let's see if we can help you!
Yes