Goal 1: Adolescent Health
- The main goal is to improve the development, safety, and health of young adults and adolescents.
- The target group includes people from 17 to 25 years old, more than 20% of the U.S. population (“Adolescent health,” n.d.).
- Such problems as smoking, substance use, nutrition problems, unintended pregnancies, mental disorders, and suicide are considered.
- The aims are to improve participation in extracurricular activities and educational achievements.
- Healthy People 2020 wishes to decrease illegal substance use and perpetration for crimes.
The Influence of the Goal 1 on the Community: Florida
- Adolescents’ health is vital for the state’s future.
- Healthy People 2020 works to improve the youth’s educational and professional skills.
- Activity-encouraging goals assist young adults with other problems such as diabetes.
- Meaningful school activities can reduce the risk of future adverse behaviors.
- The reduction of illegal substance abuse is connected to people’s mental health.
State Data for Goal 1: Florida
- The rate of students participating in extracurricular activities is the lowest in the state of Florida – 74.8% (the national level is 82.7%).
- The percentage of students who have been offered illegal substances has decreased from 21.8% in 2009 to 18.4% in 2015.
- The number of students who think that their schoolwork is important is lowering.
- The rates of adolescents from foster care ready for adulthood are lower than in the U.S.
- Parents in Florida do not participate in their children’s events as frequently (79.8%) as parents in other states (82.6%) (“Data map,” n.d.).
Nurse’s Role for Goal 1
- Educate parents about the need to participate in children’s lives actively.
- Raise awareness about extracurricular activities.
- Create policies combating school bullying.
- Offer resources for adults to improve their parenting skills.
- Advocate for early screening of problems such as asthma or scoliosis (“Adolescent health,” n.d.).
Goal 2: Diabetes
- The primary aim is to improve the lives of people who are at risk or have developed diabetes.
- The program considers three types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational.
- Diabetes impacts nearly 30 million people in the U.S., and it is one of the deadliest conditions in the country.
- Prediabetes is an issue that impacts the health of many Americans.
- Other objectives of the program are to decrease the number of new diagnoses and death rates (“Diabetes,” n.d.).
The Influence of the Goal 2 on the Community: Florida
- Diabetes affects all communities, including the state of Florida.
- The prevalence of diabetes continues to rise, increasing more than twofold in 20 years.
- Older people are the most affected group in the state.
- The rates of prediabetes are also growing rapidly.
- The cost of diabetes diagnosing takes up more than 20% of national health care expenditures (Florida Diabetes Advisory Council, 2017).
State Data for Goal 2: Florida
- In Florida, the rate of adults diagnosed with diabetes (9.3%) is higher than that in the country (9.1%).
- The death rate from diabetes is lower in Florida (47%) than countrywide (67.6%).
- The number of people who measure their glycosylated hemoglobin levels has increased, surpassing the nation’s average.
- The percentage of people performing self-monitoring of blood glucose is lowering.
- People in Florida receive less formal education about diabetes than those in other states (“Search the data,” n.d.).
Nurse’s Role for Goal 2
- Introducing formal education programs for people with diabetes.
- Raising awareness about prevention strategies.
- Increasing the rates of preventive screenings and check-ups.
- Teaching people about prediabetes and its symptoms.
- Finding new ways to encourage self-checks.
- Auditory learners listen to others well.
- Kinesthetic learners need practical experiences.
- Visual learners can watch attentively.
- Verbal learners prefer talking to people.
- Non-verbal learners observe and repeat.
Discovering the Learning Style
- A simple conversation may help one to find the patient’s learning style.
- Various memory tests with sounds, letters, and objects are effective.
- Online programs determine the learning style.
- Observation of the patient’s attention allows for future adjustments.
- Patients have multiple styles of learning.
Tools and Resources
- Web-based tools help all types of patients.
- Lectures and discussions help auditory learners.
- Patients with kinesthetic type benefit from hands-on exercises.
- Visual learners read brochures and watch educational videos.
- Charts, graphs, models are useful for visual(non-verbal) learners.
Evaluation of Teaching Outcomes
- Teach-back is one of the main knowledge-checking techniques.
- Patient’s perspective reveals misunderstandings and inconsistencies.
- Simple questionnaires produce measurable results.
- Accessible language improves patient outcomes.
- Family education ensures knowledge acquisition (Peter et al., 2015).
Different Generations: Younger People
- Children benefit from game-based techniques.
- The literacy level of younger people should be acknowledged.
- Adolescents relate to popular or favorite characters.
- Small bits of knowledge and repetition are effective for inattentive children.
- Collaboration with older family members is vital.
Different Generations: Older People
- Simple instructions increase the effectiveness of teach-back.
- Open conversations about misunderstandings lower mistakes.
- Caregivers of older persons should be educated.
- Visual and hearing problems should be considered.
- Goal setting helps adults concentrate (McMullen et al., 2015).
Inclusion of Family Members
- A discussion with a presentation work for auditory, verbal, and non-verbal learners.
- Visual learners can watch kinesthetic ones perform activities.
- Families can talk about the material and explain it.
- Parents may read to children or play with them.
- Family members can infer about misunderstandings.
- Patient involvement increases their attention.
- Visual aids – models, simulations, and games are helpful.
- Mobile applications with reminders help inattentive people.
- Online sources of information can be considered.
- Patient forums may give people needed support (McMullen et al., 2015).
Adolescent health. (n.d.). Web.
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Data map. (n.d.). Web.
Diabetes. (n.d.). Web.
Florida Diabetes Advisory Council. (2017). Florida diabetes report. Web.
McMullen, C. K., Safford, M. M., Bosworth, H. B., Phansalkar, S., Leong, A., Fagan, M. B.,… Singh, J. A. (2015). Patient-centered priorities for improving medication management and adherence. Patient Education and Counseling, 98(1), 102-110.
Peter, D., Robinson, P., Jordan, M., Lawrence, S., Casey, K., & Salas-Lopez, D. (2015). Reducing readmissions using teach-back: Enhancing patient and family education. Journal of Nursing Administration, 45(1), 35-42.
Search the data. (n.d.). Web.
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