A model for innovative nursing care delivery in this study is “Nutrition for Active Life.” The population of the suggested model includes young people aged 18-25 with overweight and obesity. They make one of the vulnerable groups among comparatively healthy population because overweight and obesity increase the risk of developing chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes or heart diseases (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2015).
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It is a burden for both developed and developing countries (Obesity Nursing Care Plan, 2016). The setting for the model implementation is the city of Miami, Florida. The model can be implemented within any other setting since it does not have limitations on demographic factors apart from age. The major goal of a model is to introduce efficient methods of weight control basing on the habits of healthy eating and active way of life. The purposes include informing the target population on the consequences of overweight and obesity, implementing healthy eating habits, stimulation of positive self-perception, and explanation of advantages of normal weight.
Description of the Nutrition for Healthy Life Model
Researchers often connect nutrition and global health (Skolnik, 2016). There are two issues that negatively influence population health. They are undernutrition and overnutrition. The latter one usually results in overweight and obesity. Nutrition and weight status are among the topics and objectives of Healthy People 2020 program (Healthy People 2020, 2017). Thus, the suggested nursing model Nutrition for Active Life meets the national health concerns.
The program is oriented on young people aged 18-25. This category is specific because young adults are already independent from parents and not concerned much about health. Overweight and obesity in this period is dangerous since it causes many health problems including reproductive. This model unites two categories of nursing innovations such as public health and education (Hughes, 2006). The aim of the public component is to improve the health condition in the community. The educational component includes informing the population on the reasons and consequences of overweight and obesity together promoting healthy diet and active life.
Nursing task is to help to define the reasons of overweight since they are not only rooted in wrong nutrition. Overweight and obesity can also be caused by genetic, economic, and even cultural or region-specific factors (Skolnik, 2016). The model incudes free general examination of volunteers with obesity. It will be based on the local health facilities. The financial part will be covered from the local government or from donations of investors.
After the examination and definition of obesity reasons, the approaches to losing weight will be developed. The model presupposes a competitive element. Spending on the number of participants from two to four groups will be formed which will follow the recommendations of professionals. After a six-month period, the results of groups will be compared and bonuses will be divided.
Nurse led and nurse managed health care
The model follows a common theme of nurse-led and nurse managed health care (Norlander, 2011). Nurses will be in charge of the groups together with fitness instructors. They will provide consultations on healthy diet and control the health condition of the participants. It is important to monitor weight and health changes to adjust nutrition plan and select a proper activity level.
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Partnerships and collaboration
The model can be implemented in the partnership on both professional and organizational level. Partners from professional level include specialists providing primary examination, nutritionists, and fitness instructors. Collaboration on the organizational level includes common work with local healthcare facilities and healthcare department.
Continuity of care across settings
The presented model provides continuity of care. First of all, its primary goal is to educate people on danger of overweight and obesity and provide them with healthy solutions of those problems. Thus, after the implementation of the model the participants are expected to possess knowledge necessary for leading active and healthy life and also helping the other people with similar problems. However, the model suggest support for everyone on-line. The participants have contacts of all professionals and access to personal pages on a web-resource of the model. Thus, even if they change their setting, they will still get the necessary support.
The model uses technological advancements. These are high-technology approaches. Thus, the model will have a web-site where the registered participants will be able to monitor personal health condition and have access to all necessary information. Besides, technology will be applied during the examination of volunteers and monitoring of their health.
Development/Implementation Team for the Nutrition for Healthy Life Model
The team for model development will include professional nurses and a specialist in nutrition. The implementation of this model will need more professionals. Thus, licensed practical nurses will be in charge of the groups. At the initial stage, physicians will be responsible for the general examination of the participants. Nutritionists will provide assessment of current eating habits of participants and develop individual nutrition plans. Fitness instructors will be invited to organize physical activity of the young people. A psychologist will be engaged to evaluate the mental condition of the participants and provide consultations in case of necessity. It will provide a complex approach to the problem of obesity and is supposed to give positive results.
Evaluation of Nutrition for Healthy Life Model: Outcome Measurement
After the model implementation, the health outcomes of participants will be measured. The examination similar to the one before the program will be provided and their results will be compared. The major points for assessment will include general health condition, body mass index, predisposition to obesity-related diseases, and the lifestyles. The first three will be evaluated by physicians and nurses and the last one will be an interview-based investigation among the participants.
Healthy People 2020. (2017). Nutrition and weight status. Web.
Hughes, F. (2006). Nurses at the forefront of innovation. International Nursing Review, 53, 94-101.
Norlander, L. (Ed.). (2011). Transformational models of nursing across different care settings. Report: The future of nursing: Leading change, advancing health (Appendix G). Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine.
Obesity Nursing Care Plan (NCP)-Nutrition: Imbalanced more than body requirements. (2016). RN Speak. Web.
Skolnik, R. (2016). Global health 101. (3rd Ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2015). Health, United States, 2015. With special feature on racial and ethnic health disparities. Web.