Personal reflection is a day-to-day analysis that caters for assessment of personalities especially among closely related people. The daily rumination of peoples’ behaviours has a close focus upon individuals, but the development in the psychology studies indicates that the focus is general. Various theories are in use in the aim of explaining the developments involving the specific personal traits.
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What is Personality?
According to Laurent (2008), personality is “the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviours that make a person unique.” Personality traits emerge from the inner persona of an individual and are consistent throughout life.
Key personality features that define a person
Consistency of the traits is one of the fundamental features of personality. An analysis of an individual behavioural patter can easily indicate existence of a recognizable standard guideline, thus the existence of a regular behaviour, which assists in defining a certain individual. Behavioural patterns indicate that people can act similarly in a variety of situations, but there exists a distinct trait, that consistently defines each person.
Secondly, personality is a product of psychological and physiological features within an individual. Formation of the features arguably occurs because of influences from the biological aspects of life. Personality has a huge impact on the behaviour and actions. The influences fall upon the individual’s response to the environmental factor and therefore cause people to act differently. Lastly are the multiple expressions of personality. Every person has extra expressions beside behaviour that defines him/her. For instance, my personal expressions are recognizable in feelings, reactions, thoughts, and other social aspects of life such as relationships (Laurent, 2008).
Constructs of explaining personality
The explanation provided over the development of individual’s personality take various theories. The initial psychological theory involves type, which indicates existence of only a small number or types of personalities for an individual. The emphasis in this case centres upon the biological influences of existence. The trait theory is a construct based on internal characteristics of an individual, which mainly come because of genetic formation. The psychodynamic presumption of traits formation has an emphasis on the unconscious inner being. The behavioural concept of building personality indicates that, personality occurs as an indication of an existing interaction between the environmental factors and individual character traits. The construct is a dismissal for the judgements based on feelings, conscious being or thoughts because it takes into account measurable behavioural traits. Lastly, the humanitarian concept brings forth the importance of freewill and experience in the development of personality.
Are personality features consistent or dynamic?
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In line with John et al (2008), “Personality traits have intrinsic differences that remain stable throughout most of one’s life. They are the constant aspects of individuality,” however my personality features may digress slightly in accordance to the criticality of a situation, but remain easily identifiable. My personality features are distinctive and common in a variety of situations. The behaviours of most people are persistent and stable overtime and therefore they are easily determinable. The features of my personality have a basis on the synergy, consciousness, emotional stability, intellect and agreeableness of a situation.
Personality test is a procedure I often take, especially the analysis of feelings and the inner thoughts. The procedure of self-reflection assists in formation of a conscious mind that enhances personal attention and acknowledgement. The personality test made me realize the need or urge to ensure perfection on behaviours, find the need to control emotions, seek new perfect human values, change motives and the physical appearance. The personality test is a self-awareness procedure that assists to improve my personal focus of attention, back to reasons of existence and therefore triggers the important personalities. Personality reflections highly affect my deep-rooted behavioural patterns. It makes me know or understand self-characteristics better and engage more self-regulation procedures such as monitoring or modification of actions. The analysis also intensifies the emotional responses and enhances the consistency of the behavioural patterns by controlling the attitudes. The ability to control attitudes assists in conforming well to the attitude requirements. I was able to react strongly to social misdeeds and disclose more to the intimate relationships through the personality test.
Characteristics of a valid personality test
A reliable and valid personality test depends on the repeatability nature. How well is it reusable to give similar results? The reliability of a test does not assure validity. The measurement procedures may be consistent by erroneous. A true test has an accurate score and all the errors are transparent and measurable. The variability of the results depends on the determinant of consistency. Measurement of errors must be random to allow for the common inevitable situation such as sickness. A good test is consistent on measurements and results. It yields different measures if the user implements different techniques. Reliability, standardization and universal nature are the key measures of test validity.
People behave in a consistent manner in most cases but in special circumstances, they will behave specially. The strange behaviours are unexplainable, but ‘like chalk and cheese’ people have varied personalities. In a diverse situation, I behave differently. The distinct nature of personality is the main determinant of behaviours. According to assessment of personality distinctiveness, individuals have divergent personalities, and it is thus very difficult to find to similar personalities or closely related characteristics.
John, O. P., Robins, R. W., & Pervin, L. A. (2008) Handbook of personality: theory And research. New York, NY: Guilford Publishers.
Laurent, H. (2008). Personality: How to Build It. Maryland, MD: Wildside Press LLC.