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Project Team: Definition, Principles of Function and Possible Conflicts

Introduction

Project team creation means forming a group of people or a group of teams working together to achieve a common goal. Many reputed organizations build a good project team. Every organization must be doing many projects like launching a new product, opening a new branch, opening a new company, other government-related or geographical-related projects, etc. The first step of project creation is project team building or project team creation. Many organizations have used the projects to develop their staff in the organization. The project manager is direct controls the overall project and leading the project team members and controlling them.

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Analysis of questions

Every project team member should be willing and able to perform the project’s mission and goals. The project team member has to be taken a project in a challenge and taking the best suitable way of success for this project. The team members should be educated and morale. The project manager will supervise the project team members and he will give necessary information at the correct time and in the correct way. The project manager or the project leader will give the full picture of the goals and objectives of the project and he will mention the role of each project member.

A project manager can have the responsibility of the planning, executing, organizing, implementing, researching, closing, evaluating and submitting the project. A project manager can determine the desired knowledge and skill of the project team members. Every project manager has to meet the team members very often and assess their track records. In project meetings the information is exchanged, agreements are established, accurate decisions are made, and members are motivated. Every project manager has to be evaluating and discussing the project development and growth of the project team member’s confidence.

The project manager should give necessary orientation to the team members. The project manager should give the project background information, mission and goals of the project, the team operations and project survey methods and techniques. After discussion and interpretation of project goals and objectives, the next tasks are identification of team members, project completion date, agreements with leaders, providing certain information to the public, attainment of certain resource or budget approval etc. The project team members have to involve in the process of brainstorming all the steps, events, activities, actions, etc that must be taken to complete the project. (Baker, Baker, Kim & Campbell, 2003, p.233).

Once the project planning is completed, then the project details will be communicated to the project team members. Then, maintaining regular contact with project team members and discussing the project planning charts, priorities and project goals are important. The project team members should keep a record of written documents of project progress and problems. The team members should identify the project blocks like political, social, geographical, economic, and strikes, etc. In any project, there is bound to be a conflict between the team members. Any project planning and implementation may create certain personal or interpersonal conflicts. Conflicts mean the disagreement between two or more individuals or groups over an issue of certain mutual interest. The personal conflict of a project is related to individual personalities. Each and every person is different from other persons in matters like maturity, emotions, behavior, generation of ideas, planning the project, decision making, values, egos, coordinating the project design and implementing the project planning. Another reason for project conflict is the difference in individual perception. The project team leader has to listen to the project team members and replaces the unnecessary performance or actions.

The projects conflicts may be personal and group conflicts. Different individuals are of different acceptance levels. People always try to maintain their image and respect. So the project team members keep their self-image and vision. This type of conflict is very common in every project team. The technique for avoiding this personal conflict is that all team members must understand and adjust with each and every individual in the project team. The project team must understand that there is a way for them to work together towards achieving a common goal. Another technique for avoiding the conflict of project teams is compromised. Compromise means an attempt to make to reach a friendly solution, which is acceptable to all the conflicting team members. The success of this technique depends on the relative strength of the conflicting team members. (Ireland, 2009, p.479). Suitable decision-making is another technique for avoiding conflict between project team members. If the project manager takes an inaccurate decision then, conflict takes place between the team members and project manager. Accurate decision-making is an important aspect of any project work. Suitable decision-making is necessary to avoid conflicts. Problem-solving is another tool for avoiding conflict. In this technique both the conflicting parties come together to solve the problems. Conflicting team members discuss their doubts and misunderstandings, analyze the problems and try to understand each other’s viewpoints. This method is effective to resolve conflicts arising from misunderstanding. The project manager or project leader has the responsibility to solve the conflict of team members. Each person is different from others because of cultural differences, language differences, geographical differences, behavior differences, value and knowledge differences, personality differences and social differences. (Wysocki, 2006, p.262).

The monetary difference is another reason for the conflict of project team members. It means the work will be the same and the salary will be different. For example, a US-based company is doing a project in India and they are providing different salary scales for the project team members from the home country and the host country. The project manager has to resolve this type of conflict and partiality of team members. The project leader has to provide the same monetary and non-monetary benefits. (Badiru, 2008, p.42).

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The important method for solving the conflict of project team members is bargaining. Bargaining means both team members understand the dependence on each other and work together to resolve the conflict. One team member gains and the other loses. In any organization, the project manager or leader has to reduce the inter-project team member’s conflict and taking accurate decisions. A project manager has to control the beginning and end of each project.

Conclusion

Once a project is started, the team members can understand so many things like establishing and boundaries of the project limit. The project team members will give the importance of source and knowledge about the projects. The team members should solve all the problems relating to the projects like funds, conflicts, period of projects, etc. The important aspect of starting a project is to build a project team. The project team should get committed support from the top management. The project team should have a clear knowledge of the objectives and goals of the project. The project team members should understand the current business environment, specific problems and processes involved in the project. An efficient and strong project manager will supervise the project and solve all the conflicts of the project team members. Every project team member should contribute their ideas; then the project will be a success.

References

  1. Badiru, Adedeji, B. (2008). Triple c model of project management. CRC Press. 42. Web.
  2. Baker, Sunny., Baker, Kim., & Campbell, G, Michael. (2003). The complete idiot’s guide to project management. Alpha Books. 233. Web.
  3. Haugan, Gregory. (2001). Project planning and scheduling. Management Concepts. Web.
  4. Ireland, Lewis R. (2009). Project management: Strategic design and implementation. McGraw Hill Professional. 479.
  5. Lewis, James. P. (1999). The project manager’s desk reference. McGraw Hill Professional. 477. Web.
  6. Lock, Dennis., & Harrison, F. L. (2004). Advances project management A structured Approach. Gower Publishing. 3. Web.
  7. Loosemore, Martin. (2000). Crisis management in consultation. ASCE Publications. 141. Web.
  8. Mishra, R, C., & Soota, R C Mishra Tarun. (2005). Modern project management. New Age International. 108. Web.
  9. Wysocki, Robert. K. (2006). Effective project management: Traditional adaptive extreme. John Wiley and Sons. 262. Web.

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StudyCorgi. (2021, November 25). Project Team: Definition, Principles of Function and Possible Conflicts. Retrieved from https://studycorgi.com/project-team-definition-principles-of-function-and-possible-conflicts/

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StudyCorgi. "Project Team: Definition, Principles of Function and Possible Conflicts." November 25, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/project-team-definition-principles-of-function-and-possible-conflicts/.

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StudyCorgi. 2021. "Project Team: Definition, Principles of Function and Possible Conflicts." November 25, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/project-team-definition-principles-of-function-and-possible-conflicts/.

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StudyCorgi. (2021) 'Project Team: Definition, Principles of Function and Possible Conflicts'. 25 November.

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