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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Description

Introduction

Babies usually die quietly and without evidence of a struggle. SIDS’s diagnosis is set when the infant’s death cannot be explained. It is the source of over 2,300 babies’ deaths every year. SIDS rates noticeably dropped between 1990 and 2018.

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Risk Factors

  • Low birth weight
  • Breathing and heart rate problems
  • Respiratory infection
  • Sleeping on the stomach or on a soft surface
  • Infant’s overheating
  • Bad sharing
  • Specific maternal factors

Problem Examination within the Community

  • AIAN’s neonates are twice more likely to die of SIDS
  • Income accounts for 69 percent of the US population
  • Obtaining late or no antenatal care – 2.8 times more likely
  • Smoking during pregnancy – 16.4
  • These phenomena reflect historical trauma

Agreed-upon Health Goals

Babies should:

  • Sleep in a room with at least one parent
  • Avoid bed-sharing, overheating, and maternal smoking or drinking
  • Breastfeeding, prenatal care, and infants’ immunization

Session Evaluation

Learning sessions require:

  • A more individualized educational approach;
  • Determining shared learning goals;
  • Teaching participants skills on leading the favorable home environment and nutrition;
  • Emphasizing the importance of vigilant infant care.

Show-me or return demonstration: the demonstration of skills learned by participants. Teach-back method: patients are asked to explain their understanding of course materials.

The benefit of changes:

  • reinforce interaction between participants and educators
  • enhance patients’ experience and nurses’ teaching performance

Session Evaluation (cont.): Healthy People 2020

According to Healthy People 2020, sessions should:

  • identify factors diminishing babies’ premature deaths;
  • Consider factors promoting socioeconomic and cultural equity;
  • Inform the community about necessary healthcare federal policies;
  • Communicate about measures improving the physical and mental well-being.

Session Evaluation (cont.): Leading Health Indicators

Leading Health Indicators (LHIs): infant deaths, preterm births.

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Changes:

  • Educators should act as mentors or role models;
  • Nurses should focus on changing parents’ behaviors.

Conclusion

The health objectives include:

  • Informing healthy and appropriate parents’ behaviors;
  • Teaching necessary skills and knowledge;
  • Facilitating immunizations.

Changes:

  • Developing an individualized educational approach;
  • Determining shared learning goals;
  • Emphasizing the importance of vigilant infant care.

References

Bartick, M., & Tomori, C. (2019). Sudden infant death and social justice: A syndemics approach. Maternal & Child Nutrition, 15(1), e12652. Web.

Carlin, R. F., & Moon, R. Y. (2017). Risk factors, protective factors, and current recommendations to reduce Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. JAMA Pediatrics, 171(2), 175−180. Web.

Flanders, S. A. (2018). Effective patient education: Evidence and common sense. Medsurg Nursing, 27(1), 55−58.

Glanz, K. (2017). Scholarship on teaching and learning in health promotion: New and emerging opportunities. Pedagogy in Health Promotion, 3(1), 6−8. Web.

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Healthy People 2020. (2010). The US Department of Health and Human Services. Web.

Infant mortality and American Indians/Alaska natives. (2019). The US Department of Health & Human Services. Web.

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2020). Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS): Symptoms & causes. Mayo Clinic. Web.

SUID and SIDS: Data and statistics. (2020). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Web.

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StudyCorgi. 2022. "Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Description." August 12, 2022. https://studycorgi.com/sudden-infant-death-syndrome-description/.

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StudyCorgi. (2022) 'Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Description'. 12 August.

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