One advantage to a national policy that must be implemented by one agency of the federal bureaucracy.
National policies are often compared to those of the federal governments, and, which is also rather important, there is a number of considerable differences between the two structures. One of the main advantages of the national policy, compared to the federal one is its unifying character. The policies, laws, and projections are created for the whole nation, not its segregated states. It seemingly helps to improve the political system of a country, because the general options and aspects of life are prioritized towards the peculiarities, which can exist in states. The political machine of bureaucracy is more obvious in the federal law fields. Thus, national policy, even being also a powerful political machine, is broader in its views. It literally takes care of the whole nation, which makes it advantageous (Smith, 2016).
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One disadvantage to a national policy that must be implemented by one agency of the federal bureaucracy.
Nevertheless, taking care of the general aspects can be viewed from the opposite point of view and become a disadvantage. The fact is that the federal law and political system have to deal with some local issues. The segregated federal states may have some particular issues in the local area, which are not seen or neglected by the national policy in the advantage of the unification. However, this way, the federal authorities may acquire a kind of tunnel thinking, which is also not good for the healthy political environment. A more general look on the local issues could, probably, be fresh for the federal policy, if the example from the national law is taken (Cristi, 2014).
One option to maintain the advantage of the national policy discussed above.
The national policy usually gives a wide range of general ideas to be imposed on the federal states. Nonetheless, it is widely accepted that local authorities play a more important role in the population of the segregated federal states. It may produce the effect of the autocratic system, which contradict the democratic character of the national policy. Some of the national decisions tend to be reworked at the local level to suit the specific federal requirements. Thus, to maintain the advantage of the unifying character, the national authorities’ decisions should be taken without imposing some local changes on them (Smith, 2016).
One option to improve the disadvantage of the national policy discussed above.
As a matter of fact, the local and federal policies also play an important role for the national authorities. It is noteworthy that the implementation of policies for the whole nation imposes more pressure for the power holders. Thus, power should be dispersed to weaken this pressure, and the federal policies seem to cope with this. They help to protect the citizens from the national autocracy and tyranny, giving more opportunities to build a healthy democratic environment for the whole country. However, the peculiar character of federal states should also be taken into consideration while producing national policies. Locally, it would be more comfortable to adopt and promote the laws and decisions, which in their deep character, consider the differences and demands of the federal policies from the very start of their implementation. It could, probably, reduce the misconnection of the national authorities and the federal governments (Cristi, 2014).
Cristi, I. (2014). Federalism and autonomy. Ovidius University Annals, Series Economic Sciences, 14(1), 338.
Smith, F. (2016). Local sovereign immunity. Columbia Law Review, 116(409).