The whole idea of a national park was created by a small group of people in the 19th century. Yellowstone was established as the first one in 1872 (Runte 197). It is located in the territories of Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana. A few years later, more parks were authorized by the government. They were chosen based on their geological features and other factors. It is important to note that there previously were no parks like this in the whole world. Some territories are no longer considered as such, and some were merged with others. The creator of the National Park System in 1916 also played a huge role. There are such famous national parks as Redwood in California, Zion in Utah, Hot Springs in Arkansas, Great Basin in Nevada, and Grand Canyon in Arizona.
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Tourism has had a tremendous impact on Yellowstone National Park. The geysers were negatively affected because people were throwing objects at them, and their previous state cannot be restored (Jernigan par. 2). The presence of people changes the natural behavior of animals. Sounds of vehicles are very loud, and it becomes hard for predators to hunt (Jernigan par. 4). Some even become deaf because of the noises.
Winter is the most problematic season because snowmobiles affect wildlife, and air pollution is excessive and harmful to vegetation. The biggest problem is that animals waste their energy to run from people, and it has a huge impact on wildlife as a whole. Littering is also an issue because it is hard to monitor all the areas. National Park Service tries to prevent such negative influence of tourism in the park, but there are still some problems. Overall, numerous measures should be taken to minimize the impact of humans on wildlife, and the ecosystem as a whole.
Jernigan, Meg. How Do People Affect Yellowstone National Park? n.d. Web.
Runte, Alfred. National Parks: The American Experience. Lanham, MD: Taylor Trade Publishing, 2010. Print.