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Cardiac Health and Disease Prevention

The prevalence of cardiovascular conditions in today’s environment has become a pressing concern. Millions of people suffer from them, as the contemporary lifestyle leaves fewer opportunities to maintain cardiac health. Under such circumstances, it is vital to research and promote relevant practices that will contribute to the cardiovascular disease prevention within the population. The current public health guidelines emphasize several preventive measures that alleviate the risks of complications and help people maintain their cardiac health. This paper describes these measures in their relation to heart diseases and the contemporary lifestyle.

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First of all, an individual’s cardiac health exhibits a strong dependence on their habits. For example, smoking is matter of increased concern for the public health specialist. In spite of decades of anti-smoking promotion, this damaging habit continues to prevail within the population. At the same time, it entails serious risks for people’s cardiac health, accounting for the increased possibility of heart attack. The second aspect of cardiovascular health is represented by a person’s dietary behavior. Unhealthy eating habits are associated with an array of serious conditions that may exist in a combination, thus undermining one’s cardiac health (Yu et al., 2018). More specifically, unbalanced diets entail diabetes, obesity, and the related diseases that damage a person’s cardiovascular system. Finally, the population of the 21st century continues to suffer from the consequences of the sedentary lifestyle. The lack of exercise deprives blood vessels of their elastic properties, whereas staying indoors without physical activity does not oxygenate the body properly. Furthermore, a person’s heart is a muscle that grows weak without exercise.

Ultimately, the triumvirate of cardiac health relies on simple actions and habits that can prevent the development of serious cardiovascular conditions without direct medical interventions. A person who quits smoking, maintains a healthy diet, and exercises on a regular basis, can significantly reduce the risks of a heart attack, stroke, and other diseases that threaten today’s communities. These preventive measures are rather simple and are available to most people, being easily embedded in the daily lifestyle.


Yu, E., Malik, V. S., & Hu, F. B. (2018). Cardiovascular disease prevention by diet modification: JACC health promotion series. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 72(8), 914–926.

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