A Brief History of the Cultural Group (Asian-American)
- The largest wave of immigration in the 18th century.
- Immigration was met with prohibition laws.
- Some arrived as unskilled workers, others – as refugees.
- Later groups of immigrants were highly educated.
- The creation of a “model minority” stereotype.
- The fastest-growing minority group in the US (Ling & Austin, 2015).
A Brief History of the Socio-Cultural Group (Japanese-American)
- Immigration to Hawaii started in the mid-19th century.
- Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 affected the rates of immigrants.
- The ban on immigration created two separate groups of Japanese Americans.
- Race-based naturalization restricted rights until 1952.
- Actively participated in World War II.
- Suffered from internment during this time (Tsuda, 2016).
Values of the Cultural Group
- Collectivism is an inherent characteristic.
- Individualism is an obtained trait.
- Conformity to norms is expressed in traditions.
- Reserved individuals prefer not to express emotions openly.
- Academic and work achievements as aspects of family recognition.
- Children of immigrants often do not preserve cultural heritage (Ling & Austin, 2015).
Values of the Socio-Cultural Group
- Similar to the values of the cultural group.
- Distance in traditions between immigrants and descendants.
- Societal norms are highly valued.
- Respect for elders and generational structure.
- Culture and education are highly valued.
- Aspects of community sharing in most traditions (Lee, 2015).
The worldview of the Culture
- Orientation on the past and present.
- People are inherently good.
- Harmonious relationship with the past and present.
- The balance between individualism and collectivism.
- Rash actions are discouraged.
- Direct and open answers are often avoided (Tsuda, 2016).
Language and Communication Patterns of the Cultural Group
- More respect for authority and old age.
- I am keeping societal structures in dialogue.
- She is actively involved in social media communication.
- Possible strained family communication.
- Do not engage in the verbal voicing of concerns.
- Developed non-verbal communication (Ling & Austin, 2015)
Language and Communication Patterns of Socio-Cultural Group (Specific)
- Later generations study the traditions.
- More open than previous generations.
- Reserved expression of emotions.
- More emphasis on the social context.
- The use of social media and the Internet is high.
- Guilt and self-debasement as common language patterns (Tsuda, 2016).
Art and Other Expressive Forms of the Cultural Group
- High involvement in the entertainment industry.
- Film and television roles with recognizable characters.
- Internet as a foundation for cultural representation.
- Comedy and film production include group struggles.
- She represented in architecture and art as well.
- Many significant musicians play classical music (Ling & Austin, 2015)
Art and Other Expressive Forms of the Socio-Cultural Group
- Literary achievements include prose and poetry.
- Literary criticism is highly developed.
- Prominent figures in American architecture.
- Establishment of California Impressionism.
- Presence in classical music, especially playing the violin.
- Characters in movies and series (Ling & Austin, 2015).
Norms and Rules
- Emphasis on the family values.
- Family continuity is expected from children.
- Respect for discipline, authority, and law.
- Discouragement of confrontation and the lack of open hostility.
- Expectance of appropriate manners.
- Openness in relationships is seen as nonconforming (Lee, 2015).
- Less accustomed to group living.
- However, group pressure is still present.
- Specific religion is not as important as traditions.
- Family ties remain important to most individuals.
- Living with the family is not seen as being dependent.
- A mix of traditions and cultural influences (Tsuda, 2016).
- Close relations with family members.
- The nuclear family is a standard.
- Preservation of social structure for older generations.
- Open, intimate interactions as counter-culture.
- More Americanized interactions of younger generations.
- Filial piety is a distinguishable characteristic (Lee, 2015).
- Celebrations are not as religious as before.
- Festivals focus on group activities.
- Secular social interactions are more valued.
- New Year celebrations may involve traditional rituals.
- Marriage and funeral influenced by Buddhist views.
- Private rituals not as important among youth (Lee, 2015).
Degree of Assimilation from Mainstream Society
- They assimilated in most spheres of life.
- High presence in culture and science.
- Lack of representation in mass media.
- Wrongful grouping of different ethnicities.
- A wide range of income levels.
- High level of people with secondary education (Ling & Austin, 2015).
Degree of Marginalization from Mainstream Society
- Self-identification through the Internet.
- The difference in traditions from peers.
- Modern immigration brings new traditions.
- The historical discrepancy between generations.
- Lack of self-identification in most settings.
- Issue of racism is present (Ling & Austin, 2015).
Health Behaviors and Practices
- Lack of self-care.
- Stigmatization of mental illness.
- Reluctance to seek psychological support.
- Low rate of cancer screenings (Gomez et al., 2014).
- Smoking is a common practice among youth.
- High prevalence of diabetes among elders (Tanabe, 2017).
Differential Approaches Needed by Health Care Professionals
- I was explaining the need for self-care.
- I am outlining the importance of mental health.
- We are offering screenings to detect issues early.
- We are dealing with stigmatization.
- We are promoting well-being among youth.
- I am focusing on elder care.
Gomez, S. L., Glaser, S. L., Horn-Ross, P. L., Cheng, I., Quach, T., Clarke, C. A.,… Satariano, W. A. (2014). Cancer research in Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander populations: Accelerating cancer knowledge by acknowledging and leveraging heterogeneity. CEBP Focus, 23(11), 2202-2205.
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Lee, S. J. (2015). Unraveling the” model minority” stereotype: Listening to Asian American youth (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Teachers College Press.
Ling, H., & Austin, A. W. (Eds.). (2015). Asian American history and culture: An encyclopedia. New York, NY: Routledge.
Tanabe, M. K.G. (2017). Health and health care of Japanese-American elders. Web.
Tsuda, T. (2016). Japanese American ethnicity: In search of heritage and homeland across generations. New York, NY: NYU Press.