Globalization Impacts on the United Nations Institution

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Topic: Political Sciences
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Introduction

The prime principle of globalization is featured by the interconnected holistic phenomenon. Due to globalization, the world has become a village on the periphery of politics, economical endeavors, and cultural interaction. Thus, this analytical treatise attempts to explicitly review the political, cultural, and economic impacts of globalization in the United Nations Institution.

Cultural Perspective

The foundation of the United Nations Institution functions on global integration and its changing patterns that led to the current interdependent and networked of global order. Through the United Nations Institution, the world is now manifested with the emergence of mass society in terms of social interaction: mass culture, mass welfare, mass consumerism, and mass communication.

This institution has promoted cultural interaction and healthy competition. The global culture has mankind to acquire new skills, technology, and appreciate diversity through the global human rights chatter of the United Nations Institution (Caputo, 2007).

Economic Perspective

The concept of development has attracted different reaction since “it can be understood as a process likely to happen with economic growth or it could be understood as a dynamic socioeconomic process for empowering poor and excluded people” (Haslam, Schafer, & Beaudet, 2012, p. 28).

Though development is a continuous process, the United Nations Institution’s model is characterized by the motivation to positively improve the lives of those wallowing in poverty across the world. The United Nations Institution development program inspires change and betterment of the target groups. Hence, unlimited access to improved infrastructure has contributed to competitiveness, efficiency, growth, and increased capabilities of the member nations. In the process, social exclusion and inequality have been reduced.

The United Nations Institution’s global Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have endeavored to eradicate extreme poverty, achievement of primary education that is universal, promotion of equality of gender and women empowerment, child mortality rate reduction, improvement of maternal health, fighting AIDS and other dominant diseases, environmental sustainability, and global partnership development (United Nations, 2011).

Basically, from the commitment in terms of funding and logistical support from member countries, it is apparent that the progress has been stable. However, the progress has been very uneven, especially on the front of the sustainability of the environment. For instance, Brazil has achieved many of these goals as compared to Benin.

Political Perspective

Imperialism reinforced an artificial line between the colonialist and the colonized as the exploitation of native resources progressed. Specifically, the interaction between these parties is characterized by disparity, exploitation, and discrimination as the inferior party was made to surrender their factors of production such as land unwillingly. Fortunately, the United Nations Institution has endeavored to negate the effects of imperialism on its member states (Lee, 2001).

Through the United Nations Institution’s evolutionary perspective, diffusion, structural, ethical, and neo-evolutionist political reinvention approach, political development of the global society has become a continuous process that occurs in stages across the world. At present, the global political arena has evolved from the societal differentiation patterns and integration to create the current complex democratic society.

In the realms of social secularization, the transitional facilities within the United Nations Institution facilitate the institutionalization of units of the society to create an accepted mode of political interaction (United Nations, 2011).

Conclusion

Due to global interrelatedness, the economic meltdown has caused imaginable damage in the democratic, business, and social segments. The evolving technology has enabled the provision of internet access that is currently threatening information security and safety of the younger generation. Besides, the mass society has weakened traditional societal values; capitalism revolution weakened aristocratic and traditional values such as socialism and communism. However, the merits of globalization supersede its demerits.

References

Caputo, R. (2007). Social Theory & its Relation to Social Problems: an Essay about Theory and Research with Social Justice in Mind. Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 34, 11-14.

Haslam, P. A., Schafer, J., & Beaudet, P. (2012). Introduction to International Development: Approaches, Actors, and Issues. New York: Oxford University Press.

Lee, J. (2001). The empowerment approach to social development practice: building the beloved community. New York: Columbia university press.

United Nations, (2011). Globalization and Interdependence. Retrieved June 18, 2013, from, http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/oesc/globalization.shtml