Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are infections that typically occur during medical interventions and procedures. There are several types of HAIs that include:
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- Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) occur when the germs invade the bloodstream. Around 250,000 of such diseases occur annually and are caused by intravascular devices (Sickbert-Bennett et al., 2016).
- Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) impact the bladder, kidneys, and other urinary organs. Almost 25% of those patients staying in the hospitals have to obtain urinary catheters, and when people use it for an extended period, they may catch an infection (Sickbert-Bennett et al., 2016).
- Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) occurs when patients with lung infections are connected to breathing machines for a long time. Such a procedure is the cause of the death rate equal to 20-30% (Sickbert-Bennett et al., 2016).
- Surgical site infections are the cause of the surgery on a specific body part. The chances of having this infection are low and equal to 1-3% (Sickbert-Bennett et al., 2016).
These days HAIs represent an enormous threat to the patients. However, the infections are likely to be prevented if measures are taken in time. Appropriate hand hygiene is the most effective, most accessible, and most affordable method for decreasing the pervasiveness of HAIs. The second point is environmental cleanliness, which is a crucial standard of disease counteraction in medical services settings. It is broadly recognized that surveillance permits the assessment and identification of the HAIs. Staying informed concerning the most recent discoveries with respect to the spread of diseases and techniques for counteraction is fundamental for a fruitful contamination avoidance program. Improving patient wellbeing in the present clinics overall requires a methodical way to deal with battling medical care related contaminations (HAIs).
Sickbert-Bennett, E. E., DiBiase, L. M., Willis, T. M., Wolak, E. S., Weber, D. J., & Rutala, W. A. (2016). Reduction of healthcare-associated infections by exceeding high compliance with hand hygiene practices. Emerging infectious diseases, 22(9), 1628–1630.