The presence of high HIV rates among the population is a concern that might lead to severe consequences. The problem of HIV can be viewed from multiple angles. First of all, one should consider biomedical interventions that deal with testing, implementing safety measures, and providing treatment (AVERT, 2017). Secondly, behavioral interventions are crucial to this issue. One can address this point by distributing information about the causes and methods of HIV prevention, ways for people to get tested, and the possible treatment available to the people of this community.
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Moreover, education for youth, gay and bisexual men, and people that use syringes can significantly improve the rates of HIV. Counseling and other forms of mental support are also vital as HIV positive people may face discrimination. Finally, a structural intervention can also positively affect the situation. For instance, various ways to decrease inequality and create policies that protect the rights of people with HIV can help the population to avoid the epidemic.
To address the problem, one should gather enough information about the population. Finding how the virus is distributed can help determine the most effective interventions. This approach is called “know your epidemic, know your response” and is aimed at outlining the primary groups of risk (AVERT, 2017). People’s age, socioeconomic status, place of living, sexual orientation, and education level can help medical professionals choose the best type of intervention. Moreover, the accessibility and affordability of healthcare should also be evaluated.
The whole community should engage in bringing awareness to this issue to combat it successfully. The assistance of political leaders and other influential persons may significantly impact people’s approach to this situation. Religious leaders may also be involved in resolving this problem. Teachers and professors should participate in the process of intervention as well.
AVERT. (2017). HIV prevention programmes overview. Web.