The author of the article presents a road map for the study in the “introduction” section. The author also provides a theory section and a literature review. That being the case, the author uses “cultivation theory” to underpin the research. The theory is appropriate for the hypothesis because it supports the idea that “television news misrepresents the nature of the world” (Callanan, 2012). As a result, the media fills our world with negativity and menace.
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The researcher used a hypothesis that underlies the theory. The hypothesis was that “people watching more television would perceive their world in ways that reflect the recurrent messages from the media”. With the use of the hypothesis, it was possible to conduct successful research. The author did not include a specific research question for the study. However, the author examined “how television viewing relates to fear of crime” in society. The other important observation from the article is that the researcher did not include an independent or dependent variable. Instead, the focus was on how television “news viewing” in the society was related to fear of crime (Callanan, 2012).
The other important observation from this article is that the writer included a detailed literature review. The approach made it easier to analyze different findings from past studies. That being the case, the researcher did not use any population sample during the study. It would be agreeable that the research methodology was effective because it made it helped address the research question and aim of the study. This explains why the researcher was able to come up with the best discussions and ideas from the study.
From a personal perspective, I can say that the author was able to structure the study in a proper manner. The author presented a clear guideline to help the reader understand the nature of the study and the targeted objectives. The article also included a literature review section thus making the study meaningful. The author also included a theory section in order to help the reader understand the idea better. After conducting the study, the researcher was able to achieve targeted goals. The findings indicated that “viewing of television news and information correlated to increased fear of crime”. It was observed that viewers are victimized thus increasing the level of fear in the society (Callanan, 2012). The other important consideration in the article is that the author used various scholarly articles to support the discussion and the conclusion. The author used three articles to back up the conclusion thus making the ideas meaningful and useful for policy implementation.
However, if I were the researcher, I would have considered included detailed research questions and a research method. By so doing, I would be able to provide the best ideas to the readers. I would also have considered the use of a qualitative study approach in order to gather quality data. The other important consideration is that the author should have included some challenges that affected the study. The approach would have made it easier for the readers and other researchers to borrow new ideas and concepts for future studies. As well, the author should have included some recommendations and guidelines that can address “the manner in which television channels cover various events related to crime” (Callanan, 2012). The researcher could have made the article better by providing new insights for future research.
Callanan, V. (2012). Media consumption, perceptions of crime risk and fear of crime: examining race/ethnic differences. Social Perspectives, 55(1), 93-115.