Three key developments of industrialization associated with such fields as the science, economy, and law are the manufacturing industry, the shift to the economy based on the large-scale industry, and the labor law. In science, the development of new machines appropriate for manufacturing allowed for focusing on the progress of the textile industry that became actively associated with the era of industrialization in the Western countries.
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In the sphere of economy, the focus from agriculture and associated economic processes and trade perspectives were shifted to the development of industries based on manufacturing and factories (Coatsworth et al., 2015). This approach allowed for creating a new large-scale economic model. Furthermore, new laws became required in order to protect workers’ rights, and the key principles of the labor laws were formulated during that period.
It is possible to state that the legal system and the government significantly contributed to the progress of industrialization. Under the supervision of governments of the Western countries, legal systems in most industrial states became more flexible and focused on protecting property rights, free enterprising, and developing intensive trade relations (Coatsworth et al., 2015). Thus, governments supported those laws oriented towards improving the productivity of factories and new industries.
Discussing the relationship between industrialization and imperialism, it is important to note that the development of industries and associated processes led to promoting the ideals of imperialism. The key reason is that the active progress of industries required more raw materials and markets to spread products. As a result, industrialized nations became interested in finding material and human resources in order to support their own economy and spread their impact in the world (Coatsworth et al., 2015). Economic intentions of industrialized states contributed to developing imperialism.
Coatsworth, J., Cole, J., Hanagan, M. P., Perdue, P. C., Tilly, C., & Tilly, L. (2015). Global connections. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.