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Malaria: Nature, Symptoms, Treatment, and Control

Malaria is an alarming defect believed to have originated from early primates of Africa throughout the 21st century. It widely escalated and became a lethal communicable ailment to humans and infested continents such as Asia, Europe, and North America. The plasmodium vector conveyed by the female Anopheles mosquito found in swamps or near water bodies initiates the disease’s spread. Malaria occurs along the tropics of the continents, with Plasmodium Falciparum being the challenge, followed by Plasmodium Vivax. People living near swampy areas contract the disease due to the high breeding of the Plasmodium Falciparum species. The disease has become a risk that needs a proper establishment of commands to depreciate its effects.

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The disease symptoms involve headaches, pain in the abdomen or muscles, fatigue, or high temperatures. Insufficient knowledge regarding the defect symptoms can increase the morbidity and fatality rate (Nayak et al., 2021). Experienced healthcare practitioners are required to attend and offer services to the victims during the outbreak. People should seek medical attention to reduce the infection rates when they experience the disease symptoms. Governments should offer training to their citizens about the disease nature and control techniques.

When the defect is detected promptly, quality treatment is required to support people in achieving rapid and complete recovery. According to the World Health Organization (2020) details articulates that 229 million cases were incorporated worldwide, while 409 000 deaths occurring with young minors below five years remained exposed to the disorder as they marked 274 000 deaths in 2019. The report indicates that the African continent has a higher rate of malaria infections, and effective control techniques are required to minimize the epidemic.

The utilization of medicines and vaccines is a defensive strategy that can benefit the people in the penetrated areas. Vaccination of children has indicated a significant benefit by reducing the mortality rate in children. The application of mosquito nets and insecticides can be effective in controlling the problem. Pyrethrin has become less effective in eliminating the mosquitos in the territories with high disease distribution, and therefore, people in the affected areas should embrace measures such as draining stagnant water pools to reduce the breeding. According to Ranson (2017), it is crucial to employ advanced strategies to diminish the circulation of the condition. In conclusion, mass vaccination, surveillance, and blood test for people should remain implemented in the invaded environments to reduce the vector.


Nayak, S. K., Pradhan, S. K., Mishra, S., Pradhan, S., & Pattnaik, P. K. (2021, March). Rough set technique to predict symptoms for malaria. In 2021 8th International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development (INDIACom) (pp. 312-317). IEEE.

Ranson, H. (2017). Current and future prospects for preventing malaria transmission via the use of insecticides. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine, 7(11), a026823.

World Health Organization. (2020). World malaria report. Web.

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