The ideology of monarchism refers to the advocacy for monarchical rule. A monarchist is a person that supports the form of government in which one person is the head of the state who sits on a throne and occupies the central ruling position over a country. Being one of the oldest governmental structures worldwide, the monarchy has evolved to have different characteristics and approaches to power. For example, in an absolute monarchy, a king or a queen holds absolute power over the state (Gelletly, 2014). In a constitutional monarchy, the power of a monarch is subjected to the guidance of a constitution, and in most cases, represents a mainly ceremonial symbol of national unity. In contrast, the majority of power is granted to the parliament.
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Justice is therefore reinforced with the help of the sovereign authority of a monarch, depending on the extent of his or her ability to influence political and social affairs in a country. To achieve some degree of favor from the public, kings and queens are expected to be advocates for social good and be attentive to the needs of their people. Thus, Queen Elizabeth II was proactive in advocating for the rights of LGBT Britons and signed the approval for same-sex marriages. Order is maintained with the help of the power-related capabilities of the monarch. Absolutist monarchies led by rulers who have an unlimited degree of power over the population are free to exercise their decisions as they see fit, and often at the expense of people. It is imperative to understand that in the case of absolute monarchism, the freedom of populations is relatively limited, which is why developed countries today have abandoned this structure and opted for a constitutional monarchy that significantly decreases the degree of monarchs’ influence.
Gelletly, L. (2014). Monarchy. Broomall, PA: Mason Crest.