The role of music in the structure of the spiritual life of a modern person is quite large, and musical culture as a whole becomes a significant factor in the formation of universal human values among people. Music can be represented as a certain symbolic system, musical culture as a type of artistic culture of society, which is a collection of symbolic musical products accumulated by the community. It also involves the activities of people and relevant social actors in the production, preservation, distribution, and consumption of these products.
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Musical culture is one of the extremely complex formations in which aesthetic, psychological, social, communicative, and other areas are intertwined. This multiplicity is associated with the special parameters of the impact of its core music. In addition, its cultural aspect shifts social tastes and preferences with help from the internet.
Features of Music
Music is among the arts, the most ancient and common in human culture. It is characterized as an art form that reflects reality in sounds, artistic images and actively influences the human psyche. Music is able to convey the emotional state of people, as well as express ideas related to feelings in general terms (Ros-Morente, Oriola-Requena, Gustems-Carnicer, & Filella Guiu, 2019). In other words, the music changes the concept of how people define themselves in terms of tastes and preferences. It mainly occurs due to the internet’s massive influence and popularization of music. People begin to adjust their preferences to social norms, which usually follows the current trends (Zhang, Susino, McPherson, & Schubert, 2018).
The basis of music is sound, which is devoid of the semantic concreteness of the word, does not reproduce fixed, visible pictures of the world. However, at the same time, it is specifically organized and has an intonational nature. It is the intonation that makes music sounding art, absorbing the centuries-old speech plan, and rhythm (Henry, 2015). Music is distinguished by a number of features belonging to it and distinguishing it from other types of art.
Music as an art form has extreme expressiveness and diversity since the object of its reflection is all the wealth of the inner world of a person. Many scientists who turn to the study of the peculiarities of music, paid attention to the plastic properties contained in it (Zhang et al., 2018). The main and determining factor in the formation of universal values is the musical educational level. With its increase, the general cultural level of the individual increases, as well as the level of musical culture. Another thing is that the rise in the artistic level itself is a consequence of the increased interest in music in general.
Benefits and Side Effects
Internet is a powerful tool that allowed the music industry to reach out to millions of people. The main effect of the internet is enabling promoting the product by stimulating the audience and potential customers, both visually and auditory (Ros-Morente et al., 2019). Music expanded people’s tastes by giving them an opportunity to have access to various genres. Cultural values are transmitted to a person through three main channels, which are interpersonal contacts that have a direct and non-formalized character, mass media and communications, and common sociocultural environment (Zhang et al., 2018).
This is a direct transfer of traditions, rituals, and other elements of musical culture from authoritative people, friends, colleagues, and family members. All these channels do not function in isolation. They are interrelated and intersect with each other. As the results of our research show, it is interpersonal contacts that are decisive in the formation of the views and beliefs of a person (Henry, 2015). However, the massive popularity of certain music genre limits the exposure of others.
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The main benefit of internet music is that newly emerging artists or composers have an opportunity to become famous in a highly fast manner. The primary reason for that leisure today is regarded as a means of recuperation for production, and free time is essentially considered as a continuation of production activity, but in its restoration form. It is clear that the content of this kind of leisure is reduced to primitive entertainment (Zhang et al., 2018).
In a world saturated and replete with replicated samples of low-class art, there is less and less room for genuine masterpieces. The data obtained confirm that the leading need for people is the need for communication (Ros-Morente et al., 2019). Its significant importance is due, in our opinion, to the specificity of socialization at this age stage, namely the fact that the acquisition of new sociocultural knowledge and skills by people is due to a significant circle of their social contacts.
Nonetheless, the main side effect of internet music is that specific and unique styles tend to get lost due to the fact that people follow the current trends and do not adhere to certain genres. In the process of informal conversation among people, discussion and interpretation of their status and experience within the framework of youth culture is carried out. In communication, people realize their mutual hobbies and interests, the need for spiritual closeness, interpersonal affection, and love, which is very important for a given age (Zhang et al., 2018). The high need for connection is confirmed by the desire of people to have good and loyal friends.
Internet music brought massive diversity as a cultural nomenclature because people enjoy music regardless of artists, race, or ethnicity. Young people called music the second preferred form of leisure, and half of the White young people prefer to listen to the recordings of Black artists (Henry, 2015). It can be assumed that the distribution of records is the basis of the spontaneous introduction to music.
Thus, internet music defined the tastes of many modern people and allowed them to be able to relate to other ethnic groups. The main thing in this form is that each person regulates his musical tastes more selectively. Modern people spend little time thinking about the data found on the Internet (Zhang et al., 2018). Therefore, people should be taught to carefully assess the accuracy, significance, and authority of the information received.
In the near future, the mass system can become one of the leading resources of human life, where e-books will replace paper, and the methods of the new generation will become ubiquitous. Experts predict, search engines will remain the only sources of knowledge and this is in the conditions when the musical art of the 20th century is unusually voluminous (Ros-Morente et al., 2019). It is unlikely to contribute to raising the level of musical culture.
It is highly beneficial to allow people to be able to relate to other cultures because they also become involved in their problems. Music is a powerful method of communication, therefore, oppressed minorities or nations under dictatorship can reach out for help through the internet. The main reason is that the internet is global and international, which does not allow oppressors to control it (Zhang et al., 2018). The reduction of criteria in evaluations of musical products produced in the world, such as variety shows, production, and sale of compact discs with cynical texts, causes a decrease in the general level of culture.
Thus, the main form of distribution of musical culture in all its forms is the reproduction of music through a system of mass communication. It may be added that now to the factors affecting spiritual development, besides the pressure of the media, a chaotic presentation of information on the Internet has been added (Henry, 2015). As a result, mass media can be recognized as capable of both destroying the spirituality of the individual and creating it at a qualitatively new level.
In conclusion, leisure self-actualization of people is carried out, as a rule, outside cultural institutions and is relatively noticeable due to the impact of television and the Internet, the most influential institutional source of not only aesthetic but also socializing influence in general. It can be said that the formation of spiritual interests leads to the unfolding and development of intellectual, artistic and emotional needs that are satisfied by music.
However, a culturally poor environment can help ensure that such spiritual needs simply do not develop. The process of reproduction of musical culture is basic since it allows music to perform socializing and enculturing functions in society. But in the conditions of the emergence of a mass communication system, traditional agents of socialization and inculturation give way to network communication, which leads to the individualization of the processes of reproduction of musical culture.
Henry, M. L. (2015). The musical experiences, career aspirations, and attitudes toward the music education profession of all-state musicians. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 24(2), 40-53.
Ros-Morente, A., Oriola-Requena, S., Gustems-Carnicer, J., & Filella Guiu, G. (2019). Beyond music: Emotional skills and its development in young adults in choirs and bands. International Journal of Music Education, 2(1), 2-17.
Zhang, J. D., Susino, M., McPherson, G. E., & Schubert, E. (2018). The definition of a musician in music psychology: A literature review and the six-year rule. Psychology of Music, 1(2), 13-67.