The case presents a security program for Next Global Airport. These safety procedures and measures are best on approved standards, national laws and regulations, and best practices in the aviation industry. They do not aim to cause any inconvenience to airport users, but rather to improve their safety.
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Security Programme for Next Global Airport
The security program for Next Global Airport has been prepared based on the provisions of the Chicago Convention, Standard 3.1.1, and in adherence to the country’s laws and regulations on national security and airport safety. The major aim of this Programme is to outline the safety, consistency, and effectiveness of the Airport by offering safety through laws and regulations that outlaw any criminal activities and interfere with Airport operations (Taylor & Steedman, 2003).
Organization of Security
- Name and titles of security officers in charge of the Airport security
- James Wang – Inspector General, Next to Airport Police Force
- Peter Small – Chief Security Officer, Next Aviation Security Company
- Tess Man – Security Manager, Next Global Airport Authority
- Kings West – Senior Principal Officer, Immigration Department
- Sheila Brown – Head of Operations, Customs and Excise Department
- Next details of services responsible for the implementation of the security measures
- Next Airport Police Force and Next Aviation Security Company
- National government officials from the Customs and Excise Department and Immigration Department
- Airline operators
- Next City County Government authorities
Next Global Airport Security Committee
This Airport Security Programme complies with the Chicago Convention, Standard 3.1.1. The Airport Committee offers advice on the creation and implementation of all security interventions and processes at the Airport. The Airport Security Committee meets as scheduled:
- To ensure that security practices are current and sufficient
- To ensure that all responsible officers and departments apply all security measures as intended
- To organize all activities of all security organs that ensure the security of the Airport, including the police, government bodies, and airline operators among others
- To liaise with other diverse bodies responsible for the country’s security, such as bomber experts, anti-terror units, and other private security firms
- To provide advice on other developments at the Airport, including expansion and changes in operations
- The Committee is also responsible for keeping all minutes of all meetings concerning security issues at the Airport (members must approve all minutes before they can be circulated to other stakeholders)
Members of the Committee
The Next Airport Security Committee consists of all stakeholders in both the private and public services concerned with the Airport security, operations, and other related affairs. Furthermore, the Airport Manager is expected to take the role of the chairperson while the Chief Airport Authority will always act in a similar position when the chairperson is unable to attend meetings. Members are made up of the following persons.
- Next Airport Manager – James Wang;
- Airport Chief Security Officer – Peter Small;
- National Police Service – Lucky Ways;
- Customs and Immigration representatives – King West and Sheila Brown;
- Air Traffic Services;
- Tenants and Traders;
- County Fire Department;
- Head of Communications;
- Health services;
- Cargo clearing and forwarding firms;
- Airport operators;
- Postal services;
- Health service providers;
- Private security firms.
The list of Committee members may be revised from time to time to accommodate emerging security needs and stakeholders’ interests.
Next Global Airport Details
Name: Next Global Airport
Location: Address: Next City
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Phone: +0001 4 334 6666
E-mail: [email protected]
IATA airport code: DDDBYXZ
ICAO airport code: OBGHDMDB
Hours of Operation of the Airport – the Airport operates 24 hours
Description of the Airport’s Location
Next Global Airport serves Next City and other nearby cities. A famous international airport, it is uniquely located aviation hub near the city and acts as the country’s main airport. It is located in the City Next, about 3.4 miles from the city center.
Next Global Airport is owned by Next National Government
- Airport manager – Mr. Singh Khan
- Airport operating services
Air traffic control: the Airport is equipped with an operating control tower to ensure, safe, organized, and efficient flow of air traffic (Wragg, 2008).
Navigational aid: the Airport has installed some navigational aid instruments to help pilots to land safely, and they include visual approach slope indicator, VHF omnidirectional range (VOR), and the distance measuring equipment (DME).
Taxiway signs: the Airport has specific signs to guide and offer direction and information for aircraft and vehicles.
Lighting: the Airport has lighting systems to direct aircraft on runways and taxiways during poor weather or at night.
Weather services: these services help pilots to ensure safe landings and takeoffs.
Safety management: the Airport understands the importance of operations and air safety, and there are procedures and equipment for emergencies. Airport safety management focuses on airfield accidents, bomb threats, passenger extractions, hijacking, highly flammable fuels, and terrorist attacks. Safety management also focuses on controlling other external factors that could cause safety concerns, such as birds (Avrenli & Dempsey, 2014).
Next Global Airport is governed and operated by the Next Global Airport Authority. The management staff is made of up of the following individuals:
- Robert S. Bowen / Executive Director
- Steven C. Chang / Deputy Executive Director of Administration and Operations
- Anthony E. Small / Deputy Executive Director of Engineering and Facilities
- Ward Lee S. / Director of Operations
- Jin J. Wong / Director of Facilities
- Chin W. Blue / Director of Market Development
- William B. Jacks / Director of Finance
- Sinclair M. Bai / Director of Human Resources
Air traffic services
The Airport is towered operating control to ensure safe, organized, efficient air traffic flow. Two-way radio communication is always maintained between aircraft and the air traffic controller. The ground control is dedicated to controlling all ground traffic operations to specifically designated locations.
All air traffic services are based on safety requirement procedures (Rankin, 2010).
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The Airport Authority is responsible for the maintenance of the airport. The Authority maintains all airport operations. It is also responsible for more terminal space and parking, airfield, lighting, and road maintenance and improvement. The Authority is responsible for any Airport Development Plans.
Support services – Next Global Airport offers services, including hangar rental and other related services.
Pilot training for pilots and private owners, medical evacuation, rescue and search, police support, emergency medical evacuation, and recreational flying is also provided.
Cargo and freight services are also available. Some services are exclusively for travelers, including commercial outlets for products and services and premium and VIP services.
Airline operators and routes/traffic details
The largest operator is Next Airline with large fast fleets. NIXX Link also operates at the Airport. Major routes include Europe, the Middle East, South Asia, and Africa.
Airline operators provide traffic details.
Security Measures at Next Global Airport
Air operations area
Next Airport is divided into two areas, namely airside and landside. Access roads, parking spaces, railway stations, and public transport are parts of the landside while other sections, including taxiways, ramps, and runways are airside. Both landside and airside are tightly controlled at all entry and exit points. The whole Airport is fenced, secured with electric and razor wire. Any individuals gaining entry to the airside must present their documents and go through tight security checkpoints – no staff is exempted. Besides, the Airport is installed with alarm systems, closed-circuit television, walk-through areas, as well as patrolling security officers with sniffer dogs.
All runways, taxiways, cargo areas, ramps, air traffic operational areas, and other parts of the airside are restricted.
Transit lounges, departure lounges, immigrant sections, customer areas, commercial areas, and waiting lounges are also restricted.
The Airport has check-in, departure hall, arrivals hall, access and egress areas, and car parking parks. The Airport has increased surveillance and security checks in these public areas because of terrorist threats targeting public areas (Diedam, 2009).
Access Movement and Control
The Airport Authority requires identification for all personnel entering and exiting the Airport
- Specific areas for access passes Sterile area, security restricted areas, departures concourse, cargo area, apron, airside, and airside waiting area.
- Specific criteria for granting access pass: application, name verification, employment history verification, criminal history record check, and issuance of a temporary pass.
- Various badges
For restricted areas
Orange – arrival/departure terminals
Yellow – apron (aircraft apron, hangar, and cargo warehouses)
Green – apron, arrival and departure terminals
Pink – domestic terminal apron
Read – all areas (international and domestic terminals)
For controlled areas
Blue – arrivals terminals (ground transportation hall and Commercial Vehicle Park)
Blue with white stripe – arrivals terminals (Commercial Vehicle Park)
Purple – maintenance areas (maintenance workshops and other concessionaires’ offices in restricted area pass zones)
Greenish blue color – construction sites and work areas (construction sites under restricted areas)
D – Permit to drive on runways or taxiways
DA – permit to drive on the apron only
LDA – learner permit
T – Temporarily restricted access pass-holder
C – Conditionally issued restricted access pass, awaiting national security clearance
B – Qualified to operate Jet Bridge
Checking the access pass and non-compliance penalties
All persons must be checked at specific access points and failure to comply with these procedures can result in fines, detention, dismissal from the airport, and/or imprisonment.
Equipment pass is required for laptops and tablets
Cancellation of access pass procedures
Submit Official letter online and mention the reason for cancellation
Submit the old pass to the Pass Office
Identification procedures for vehicles
All vehicles, including personal and VIP cars, must gain access pass or clear at security checkpoints. The pass indicates specific areas to reach and hours.
Security control for passengers and luggage
- All passengers must have tickets
- All passengers must be identified at designated checkpoints
- All passengers must be screened
Control of hold luggage
- All luggage is screened with appropriate gadgets and sniffed with dogs.
- All luggage must be identified and tagged.
- All isolated items must be identified and documented.
Cargo, mail, and small parcels security control
- All cargo, parcels, and mails are physically checked both by hand search and equipment
- Screening is done using appropriate gadgets
- Thorough searches are done both by hands and security screening gadgets to eliminate human error (Chen & Huang, 2014)
- Suspect cargos are assigned yellow and red for highly suspicious cases
- Airline operators manage all flight catering services and security related issues
Security controls of VIPs and Diplomats
- National guidelines – VIPs are subject to assessment by Customs and Immigration, but arrangements are managed by the VIP staff.
- Procedures for VIPs and diplomats –
- Custom and immigration clearance
- Departure / arrival assistance.
- Application for VIP facilities (24 hours before the arrival).
- Booking for VIP services require all relevant information.
- Access to VIP lounge arrangements and restrictions apply.
- Meeting and seeing off VIP arrangements.
- Diplomatic courier consignments (bags) are sealed and clearly identified.
- Other consignments are handled at the cargo terminals.
- Different rules apply to VIP bags, pouches, firearms, and ammunition.
Arrangements – only identified person meeting or seeing off VIPs and diplomats are allowed entry and must report earlier
- Only specific identified persons are to gain access to VIP facilities.
- Bags and mails.
- Bags are sealed and clearly marked.
- Official documents are not subjected to custom clearance.
- A diplomatic bag may be taken straight to the aircraft but with a temporary permit.
- Other cargoes are handled at the cargo terminal.
- Diplomatic pouches can only be retained opened in the presence of representative Mission.
- Firearms and ammunition importation requires special rules.
- Airline firms must identify and clarify that diplomatic mails are on board.
- Couriers must adhere to all regulations for restricted areas.
Security measures for specific passengers
- Staff members and new crews must always wear uniforms and their identification badges
- Disabled passengers’ facilities and procedures – special assistance is offered throughout when at the Airport
- Wider access pathways
- Telephones at a height accessible to wheelchair users
- Disabled toilet facilities
- Assistance points with induction loops
- Reserved seating in check-in areas
- Parking available for both short and long stay
- In the terminal, pre-arrangement is available
- Assistant staff are available to assist
- The airline is responsible for passengers on board
- Special buses are offered
Inadmissible persons, deportees, and escorted prisoners
- Inadmissible persons are transferred to the Airport custody.
- All deportees are handled by the security team for risk assessment.
- An escorted prisoner requires at least two armed officers – all prisoners must have related documents (Recenti, 2011).
Security control for firearms and weapons
- National laws and regulations require all firearms and weapons, including toy guns, penknives, and pen guns to be declared.
- Carriage of firearms on aircraft – all firearms and weapons must be kept in containers and utterly secure from being accessed, and they can be collected at the baggage carousel.
- Authorized weapons carriage – law enforcement officers to fly weapons, a letter from an agency allowing specific persons to fly armed, and applicable regulations for all escorts are observed (Flight Safety Foundation, 2000).
Avrenli, K. A., & Dempsey, B. J. (2014). Statistical analysis of aircraft–bird strikes resulting in engine failure. Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2449(1), 14–23. Web.
Chen, W., & Huang, S. (2014). Human reliability analysis for visual inspection in aviation maintenance by a Bayesian network approach. Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2449(1), 105–113. Web.
Diedam, J. (2009). Access control: the process of securing a transportation site. Journal of Airport Management, 3(3), 263-273.
Flight Safety Foundation. (2000). Updated regulations, credentials strategy restrict weapons in aircraft cabins. Cabin Crew Safety, 35(5), 1-20.
Rankin, W. B. (2010). General aviation security: a safety management system model for collegiate learning. Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research, 19(2), 35-45.
Recenti, A. (2011). Perspectives on Profiling. Web.
Taylor, A. B., & Steedman, S. (2003). The evolution of airline security since 9/11. Web.
Wragg, D. (2008). Historical dictionary of aviation. London: History Press.