Nursing Interventions for Smoking Cessation | Free Essay Example

Nursing Interventions for Smoking Cessation

Words: 1399
Topic: Health & Medicine
Updated:

The article “Nursing Interventions for Smoking Cessation” aims to investigate the effectiveness of nursing-initiated interventions. The authors are the nursing professionals from different fields and with varying degrees of experience working in the universities of Michigan and Oxford. The research article addresses nurses’ efforts to help patients in smoking cessation. According to the authors, healthcare professionals, including nurses, often offer advice to patients who might be seeking help in ceasing smoking. The advice that is offered to patients in this case can be considered brief or random, but it forms part of legitimate healthcare interventions.

For instance, it is common for healthcare practitioners to give advice to individuals who are trying to stop smoking. Quitting smoking is a difficult undertaking for most patients and it requires a lot of guidance and support. Consequently, the main objective in this article is to determine how effective nurses’ interventions are when it comes to individual efforts to stop smoking. Data for this article was sourced from a group of individuals whose aim was to stop smoking. The sampling for this study lasted approximately six months, therefore giving researchers the ability to track changes among smokers. According to the authors of this study, the decision to focus on nurses was based on the fact that these professionals are the most common category of workers in the healthcare industry.

The initial objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of nurses’ interventions in patient’s efforts to stop smoking. The study found that there were tangible benefits of nursing-based efforts in relation to smoking cessation. The authors’ conclusion was that there was enough evidence that nurse interventions were effective, but there is a need to train professionals on these efforts. Several stakeholders in the nursing profession including nurses and trainers can use the information that is provided in this article to improve their practices. The given paper presents a critique of the article on nursing interventions for smoking cessation including its merits and demerits.

This article is quite relevant to the current and relevant health issues and trends. For instance, the authors of the study were able to set out their objectives in a manner that appeals to the prevailing healthcare issues and patterns. The authors were able to recognize the need to classify the level of intensity in respect to the intervention that was employed by nurses towards smoking cessation.

This research is relevant to the study because there is need for researchers to gauge the factors that influence smoking cessation interventions. The given article provides important views on how professionals can enhance their smoking cessation efforts in future. For example, the article points out that intervention can take either a persistent form or a casual stance. Future research on this subject is necessary to determine which of these two methods is more effective.

There is a limited use of literature review in this article and the authors mainly rely on data collection and analysis for their research. Most of the cited research in the article touches upon nurses’ attitudes and awareness of their input towards smoking cessation efforts. The sparsely referenced literature review briefly mentions the persistence of professionals in regards to the inquisitiveness about the use of aids and other props when they are communicating to smokers (Rice, Hartmann‐Boyce, & Stead, 2013). The aim of this study is easy to accomplish because they are narrow-based and pinpointed to simple goals. However, the review can be faulted for failing to take a ‘complex medical’ stance through its objectives. For instance, it is clear that this systematic literature review is lacking both technique and pattern.

The methodology that is employed in this study is laid out simply and accurately. The authors of this article chose to focus on the research studies that consisted of sampling at least two treatment groups. Furthermore, the utilized studies utilized random sampling. These two approaches enable the authors to reduce their chances of working with faulty data. Therefore, the methods that are used in this article are quite reliable and essential to this type of study. As a precaution, the article’s sampling only focused on adult smokers thereby avoiding the politics surrounding issues of underage smoking. The methodology that is utilized in this study is successful in respect to the subject matter of ‘smoking cessation’.

One important aspect of this article’s methodology concerns its relation to the study’s hypothesis. In this regard, the authors chose to categorize the interventions that are most important to the study’s objectives. The authors of this study categorize the advice that is given by nurses in respect to its ability to pass the ‘stop smoking’ message to patients. The type of sampling that is used in this study coincides with other aspects of this study, which include focus on smoking cessation efforts and the ease of data collection. For instance, it was quite effective for the authors to include the Tobacco Addiction Review Group register in their methodology. This type of register allowed the researchers to have a wide range of choices during their sampling efforts. A professional register makes it easy for the researchers to eliminate the possibility of conducting inadequate trials.

It is important to point out that the article’s data extraction techniques are for the most part ambiguous and clattered. For instance, there is a data overload in the amount of data that is used in this study. The article only outlines five categories of information from the sampled data. This brevity in analysis has the potential to overlook or overemphasize some pieces of information in respect to the subject matter. In addition, this strategy is also too simplistic and thus, it cannot function effectively without additional research. One commendable aspect of this article’s data analysis is its ability to appeal to the readers of different calibers. For example, the authors of this study have presented a simplified glossary of the difficult terminologies (Rice et al., 2013).

The results of this article are quite predictable and this means that the only way to make them appealing to the reader is to ensure that they are well presented. The authors of this article are able to achieve this goal presenting their results in a professional and systematic manner. The authors begin by noting that all the studied forty-two trials were able to meet the criteria for this review.

Furthermore, the results’ analysis is supported by the fact that all the studies took place in different places across the world. For instance, the results of the article indicate that the studies took place in the USA, UK, Canada, Japan, Denmark, Australia, Norway, and Spain. The results of this study claim that nurse-based interventions are important when it comes to helping patients to stop smoking. It is important to note that even though the findings of this study are ‘expected’, they have some interesting aspects. For example, the study fronts a theory that face-to-face interventions achieve better results than other forms of research.

The results of this study are difficult to dispute and they are easily applicable in a variety of healthcare scenarios. The main objective of this research was to determine whether nurses could impact smoking cessation efforts. Therefore, the results of this study can easily be applied by nurses who chose to engage in any form of smoking cessation interventions.

The study is quite solid and it does not require any improvements as it achieves its purpose and proves its hypothesis in an open and transparent manner. The authors present their findings in a simplistic manner that does not elicit additional questions in respect to the paper’s objectives. Nevertheless, the results of the study do not appeal to the top-level academics who might be interested in the specifics of smoking cessation interventions. Further research in this regard might come in form of researchers need to access the qualitative impact levels of nurses and other professionals interventions.

Overall, the article is a good read and it is quite informative to nurses and patients among other individuals. The study’s is vital to the understanding of the benefits that nurses bring to their patients. Most importantly, the research methodology that is utilized in this article indicates that this is a pioneering field of research that has the potential to make an impact among healthcare professionals. Further research on the subject is important in order to distinguish or reconcile this research with Nicotine Replacement Therapy.

Reference

Rice, V. H., Hartmann‐Boyce, J., & Stead, L. F. (2013). Nursing interventions for smoking cessation. The Cochrane Library, 1(1), 1-60.