Pender’s Health Model and Parse’s Theory in Nursing

This discussion explains the influence of Pender’s model of health and Parse’s theoretical framework on the advanced practice nurse. It also explains how Pender’s model guides the implementation of AACN Essential VIII by nurses in their daily practice.

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How Pender’s Model and View of Health Influenced the Practice of the Advanced Practice Nurse

Pender’s Health Promotion Model is an extrapolative nursing theory that attempts to explain people’s perception of their health and the influence of personal background and environmental forces on an individual’s action. Therefore it helps the advanced practice nurse to develop health-promoting nursing intermediations that promote healthy behaviors and provide holistic care. The HPM divides its major propositions into three main categories: individual characteristics and experiences, behavior-specific cognitions and affect, and behavioral outcomes. The nursing metaparadigm integrates the conceptions of person, environment, health, and nursing (Alligood, 2014). These concepts interrelate in the nursing field. The conception of a person entails cultural, socio-economical, biological, and emotional adjustments. The connection between a person and their surroundings plays a substantial role in their wellbeing. Living conditions, societal standards, and social support systems are also crucial. The advanced practice nurse improves patients’ capacity to recognize and strike achieve a balance in the three concepts through long-term and short-term health goals.

How the Development of the Parse’s Theoretical Perspective Helped to Frame Nursing Knowledge and Influence the Practice of the Advanced Practice Nurse

The theory of human becoming tackles the processes that humans undergo during their lives. This theory was advanced as a human science nursing theory by Martha Rogers (Tapp & Lavoie, 2016). The main assumptions supporting the theory were developed from the works of European philosophers. The assumptions include meaning, rhythmicity, and transcendence. This theory directs nurses to pay more attention to the quality of life as it is expressed and experienced. Therefore, the goals of the advanced practice nurse should be improving the quality of life of patients.

How Pender’s Health Promotion Model Can be Used to Guide the Advanced Practice Nurse in Carrying Out the AACN Essential VIII in their Daily Practice

According to the AACN’s Essential VIII: “Clinical Prevention and Population Health for Improving Health” (AACN, 2011, p. 24), a nurse with master’s education should be able to make use of and assimilate wide-ranging, managerial, patient-focused, and culturally fitting ideas in the preparation, provision, administration, and assessment of evidence-based clinical deterrence, population care and assistance to persons, families, groups, and specified populations. Pender’s metaparadigm depicts the person as a holistic creature who wishes to attain the highest state of self-actualization using inherent and existential features to acclimatize to his environment and accomplish balance. The nurse plays a fundamental role in providing comprehensive and precise information to the patient in a bid to promote self-efficacy, which is influenced by the nurse’s confidence in their skills and knowledge. Pender assumes that the effect exerted by nurses can have a lifetime influence on patients’ lives. Therefore, nurses help people to understand the major causes of health behaviors as the foundation for behavioral psychotherapy to endorse healthy lifestyles thus improving their health. By providing holistic care, the attributes mentioned in AACN’s essential VIII are incorporated into nursing care.


As a master’s prepared nurse, it is important to be conversant with how theory can influence and improve nursing practice. Incorporating evidence-based practice into nursing practice helps to bridge the gap between theory and practice.


Alligood, M. R. (2014). Nursing theorists and their work (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier/Mosby.

American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2011). The essentials of master’s education in nursing. Web.

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Tapp, D., & Lavoie, M. (2016). The Humanbecoming theory as a reinterpretation of the symbolic interactionism: A critique of its specific nature and scientific underpinnings. Nursing Philosophy, 18(2), 1-13.

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StudyCorgi. "Pender's Health Model and Parse's Theory in Nursing." October 29, 2020.


StudyCorgi. 2020. "Pender's Health Model and Parse's Theory in Nursing." October 29, 2020.


StudyCorgi. (2020) 'Pender's Health Model and Parse's Theory in Nursing'. 29 October.

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