Smoking is the inhalation of burning tobacco that is encased in cigarettes, cigars, or pipes. It is classified into two modes; casual smoking is the occasional act of smoking while smoking habit refers to the physical addiction to various tobacco products.
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Paternal parents’ health History
- Grandfather was born in 1920.
- Died in 1999 after a stroke.
- Was a police officer and smoked.
- His father was born in 1946.
- His father was a private contractor.
- He was diagnosed with larynx cancer.
Smoking runs in the participant’s family. His parents have been volatile to diseases caused by smoking; his grandfather died of a stroke and his father was diagnosed with larynx cancer. Based on the participant’s genetic history, it is most probable that he will conduct a smoking-related illness if he does not stop smoking.
Probability of disease
- Participant’s life depends on genetic history.
- Grandfather had a stroke because he smoked.
- Father smoked and had larynx cancer.
- The participant is a habitual smoker.
- Participant experiences frequent flu and colds.
The participant is a descendant of parents who have had diagnoses of various smoking-related diseases. The participant experiences frequent flu and colds which is a red flag of his health.
Short term goals
- Reduce the high risk of cancer.
- To eliminate the smoking stink.
- Reduce frequent colds and flu.
- Have improved breathing and heartbeat.
- Avoid respiration and heart infections.
The participant has numerous short-term goals by quitting smoking. He wishes to smell better and feel more comfortable in social places. He also wishes to have a fresher breathing system. This will help reduce the chances of conducting diseases such as flu and even cancer.
Long term goals
- Live a healthy life in the future.
- Spend money initially for smoking better.
- Have more control in life.
- Find a partner and marry.
- Reduce budget allocation on treatment.
Quitting will enable the participant to live a healthier life that is free from frequent diseases. He will also be able to invest the money he used to spend on cigarettes and find a fiancée because he smells better.
Most smokers need outside prompts to jumpstart their quitting process. This can involve reminding the participant of the benefits of quitting. Quitting has been professionally approved as the best intervention of smoking habit.
Four stages quitting process
- Precontemplation; not seriously thinking about quitting.
- Contemplation; Thinking of the pros of quitting.
- Action; Take action to quit.
- Maintenance and relapse; Remain off smoking.
The initial stage involves partial thinking about quitting but no serious step is taken after which the smoker looks at the benefits of quitting. This is followed by the actual quitting process that is achieved through the execution of the whole process.
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- Quitting prevents larynx and lung cancers.
- Quitting prevents stroke and heart disease.
- More stamina in vigorous activities.
- Less coughing, colds, and flu.
- Better smelling clothes, house, and car.
According to Healthy People 2020, quitting is not an instant action but rather a process. Therefore, the benefits come gradually as one undertakes the process. The early changes are such as improved breathing and reduced fatigue while reduction of risk comes later on.
Evaluation of the method of intervention
- Monitor the heartbeat rate of the participant.
- Measure weight changes after quitting.
- Measure oxygen levels in the bloodstream.
- Access personal budget of the participant.
- Ask about cases of flu.
To know the success of the quitting process, several measurements and examinations can be taken, for example, testing oxygen levels to tell the level of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream. Blood pressure is also tested to access the rate of heartbeat.
- Slower and improved heartbeat rate.
- Optimum oxygen levels in the bloodstream.
- Better smelling clothes, house, and car.
- Improved feeling of control of life.
- Less coughing, flu, and colds.
The participant has various desires that motivate him to quit. These include better personal smell, weight gain as well as less fatigue when walking. These are key catalysts to the quitting process especially if the participant has lost significant weight or experienced fatigue when walking.
- Nicotine replacement therapy to eliminate nicotine craving.
- Avoid tempting situations; dispose of all cigarettes.
- Drink a lot of water.
- Eat well-balanced meals with high fiber.
- Exercise and take enough rest.
Through our evaluation, it can be concluded that the teaching plan was successful although there is still room for improvement. Further teaching planning should involve the paternal and maternal parents of the participants to produce a more reliable conclusion. It is important to motivate smokers to quit the habit more professionally to avoid being seen as nagging. Finally, we should provide early motivation to smoking beginners to eradicate the dominance of the habit.
Fiore, M.C,. Jaen, C.R and Baker, T.B. (2008). Clinical practice guideline: Treating tobacco use and dependence—2008 update. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service.
U.S Department of Health and Human Services. (1993). Nurses: Helping Your Patients Stop Smoking. Web.
U.S Department of Health and Human Services. (2014). Tobacco Use. Healthy People 2020. Web.