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Student Loan Debt Issue in the USA

America has been affected by student loan debt which varies over 43million. The issue has prompted legislative action in the federal loan program for the first time making it difficult for others to apply. Therefore it is proved that Americans owe a total of 1.75trillion in private and federal loan debt history. Student loan has risen up to 1.61trillion. this makes 15% of American adults report they have outstanding undergraduate student debt (Lampton, 2019). It is delinquent that as of March 2020 repayment of 12.4%student debt loan is supposed to be paid. The research reveals that 42.9 million federal borrowers and up to 3 million private borrowers owe student loan debt. The question is according to the student loan debt statistic what will happen if the process is canceled?

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Due to a rise in debt average and wages declining value average student borrowers are said to be in crisis. It is significantly revealed that a portion of college graduates and non-graduate borrowers are unable to repay their debts. Due to unpaid debts, repayment interest is likely to become less. In debt student loans it is shown that the average 1996 graduate left school owing $12750 ($21930 in 2021dollars). An average of $16500($22110 in 2021dollars) is owned by 1996 graduates for just 10 years later.

Credit score puts on other forms of debt relief such as refinancing beyond reach are resulted by the impact caused by borrowers falling behind payments. Access losing to credit line added by the mortgage, auto loan or higher degree pursue loans, the borrower may often fall deeper into debt. The debt growth rate outpaces has risen tuition costs by 353.8%. the first fiscal quarter of 2020 it is delinquent that the repayment of $90.5 million or 12.4% is prior to the CARES act. Despite federal measure relief, student debt collective increased by 8.28% in 2020. Where 11.8% of delinquent loan debt was in default. Public institution attenders 9% of borrowers were behind on their student loan payments. It was verified that by July 2020, 11.2% of adults who were reported to have students with debt loans were made unable to access at least one student loan payment that year-to-date. It is revealed that 40 years and below, 15.1% of the borrowers are behind their student loan payments. Half of the student borrowers are to have owed $20,000 on their outstanding loan balances as recorded 20 years back after joining the school.

The term student loan debt was first revealed in the 1988 Wisconsin Center report of Education Research. Guaranteed Student Loan Program of 1965 with low-interest production, student loan bubble creation, and subsidization of loans to thousands of college students was also indicated in the report. The bubble housing precipitation in the 2007-2009 recession and the economic subsequent downturn are economically compared to the rise in student loan debt. As early as 2000 an expert predicted the housing crisis. The student loan debt crisis is acknowledged by economists, legislators, contrasts, and journalists for over 30 years.

The agreement made by the specialists and scholars about the extensional timeline given ample analysis about the main contributing factor, excessive federal lending is sported in the student loan debt crisis. Federal education spending has been adjusted for inflation through the student loan which tripled since 1980, increasing 171%. Over the last 5 years, it was revealed that the program costs $92.9 billion annually. This was equivalent to 5% of the total federal loan debt. Subsidies and grants distributed inform of aid correlate with the decline in support from the states. Federal student loans were made more available by The Middle Income Student Assistance Act (MISAA) of 1978 (de & Salmon, 2019). This led to more aspiration and funding access to students hence increasing higher tuition fees in academic institutions. It is eligible to show that the increase in tuition in colleges is compared to prior to MISAA which made the value more than twice as fast was. The public 4-yeared institution has risen their tuition fee more than three times more than it was before MISAA. The rate of currency inflation has been nearly increased three times due to tuition by the postsecondary institutions, Today.

An annual rate of 6% has been increased the college attendance cost by the 21st century, this seems to have a faster growth rate of 196% than currency inflation and 89% than wage inflation. Public 4-year institution attendance cost has increased by 276% since the 1981-1982 academic year, this promotes the fastest growth and inflation adjustment. Prior to MISAA, an annual rate of 1.99%or public -4 year school tuition has been increased by 23% for over 12 years. After the program, the increase in annual rate in tuition in public universities seems to be 6.9%, which is a 247% increase in annual growth rate.

Institutions’ average increase rate is faster in tuition since the approval of MISAA which has marked a decline in the value of funding state for public education. The federal government has allocated state to each education account spending a less than one-tenth. Therefore the added federal funding seems to be funneled tuition increases toward the postsecondary institutions. Budgets state that federal education funds are ultimately its benefactors. It also means that a faster rate of spending increases as funding decline continues. It has also supplemented the funding education loss from the state government. The tax has declined 28% since 2001 for education appropriation.

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After adjustment for inflation which increased to 21.2% promoted expenditure rise which rose up to 75%. $1.81 billion have been provided by the government for the student loan program. The state has spent an average of $2.07 billion or a collective $103 billion annually on higher education. (Cogdill, 2018). Local tax appropriations and state has contributed 95.4% to student aid. After federal money became available some of the money is obtained from industries and services. The supersystem emerged in the 1990s, they are publicly traded college s corporates with multiple locations which serve thousands of students.

Dishonesty in institutions is not limited to some schools, this therefore may cause the loan servicing industry to gain criticism and accusation of fraud. The government has researched and sued some of the major services over the organizations’ administrate loans. Consumer Finance Protection Bureau (CFPB) received 8,135 official complaints regarding student loan products and services. 35% of these2,860 specifically claimed problems dealing with loan servicers. $4.8 billion was the stated stock in the 1999 for-profit college industry. 9% of all postsecondary students were enrolled in for-profit institutions, this increased by 846% between 1990 and 2010. In this year 110,000 students enrolled at Corinthian, thus making in for-profit declined to 51.4%. 5% of all postsecondary students attended the institution in 2018 which declined by 10.5% from fall 2017 to fall 2018.

Degree from the for-profit seems to have lost value, compared to average wage, average student debt balance has stagnated. This is labeled the great wage slowdown the average wage has declined since 1991 as the true value. The value of a bachelor’s degree in terms of wage values is relatively declined to advance value. The average graduate student takes out over $40,000 to pursue an advanced degree. The borrower finds their wages to be insufficient for paying off the debts when the time comes to pay the loans. As per financial benefits, bachelor’s degrees decline at an annual rate of 0.86%. This subsequently increases median wages by an average of 42.11%.

The student loan debt crisis effect is consequently impacted our lives and hope for the future both socially and economically. Education is significantly worth less among low-end wage earners. Workers earning among the lowest 10% is less than half the national median wage. Such disparity has led those with advanced degrees such as medical doctors and legal professionals, to avoid practicing in low-income areas. Therefore this creates further socioeconomics division as low-income communities have less access to essential services such as healthcare. Economic consequences of student loans may include stunted new business growth related to home ownership and reduced consumer spending.

Relatively little economic progress appears to have been made by the US in the years following explosive student debt growth, the link between market performance and student loan debt is not defined. Consumer`s student debt to income ratio increases by 1% each time, hence declining consumption by as much as 3.7%. 11% would be entrepreneurs are likely to start a business if they owe more than $30,000 in student loan debt. A student with outstanding debt payments is 36%less likely to purchase a house, 13% of them indicate that they will never be able to afford to buy a home. Student loan debt seems to appear stressful in the social program and increases economic disparities between different social groups.


Lampton, D. M. (2019). Following the leader. In Following the Leader. University of California Press.

de Rugy, V., & Salmon, J. (2019). Reevaluating the effects of federal financing in higher education. Available at SSRN 3690537.

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Cogdill, C. H. (2018). Funding Virginia community colleges during a recessionary period: Impact of utilizing an outcomes-based funding model (Doctoral dissertation, George Mason University).

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