I agree with Travis’s opinion that the Bronze Age was a significant civilization shift in history. The entire Metal Age, of which the Bronze Age is a part, was an era full of technological innovations. It can be said that this era was a kind of industrial revolution in the ancient, pre-Christian world. Along with understanding how to mine, process, and use metals and metal tools, ancient people began to realize their place and power in the known world. According to McClellan III and Dorn (2006), “control over mineral resources thus became significant in the early civilizations” (p. 41). Fire, stone, and wood helped people distinguish themselves from other living things, but it was the metals with which people laid the foundations of their civilizations. Human civilizational history is a path from metal to atom.
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The invention of the wheel had a similar technological effect as the invention and processing of bronze. This innovation, just like metals, gave people access to the multivariate use of environmental resources, such for example, water. As in the case of many other technologies of the Old World, people came to the invention of the wheel by observing the natural processes around them. The arc-like path of the sun and the starry night sky were the main influencing things (McClellan III & Dorn, 2006). That is why many religions of the ancient world have a similarity in their solar cults, which is the god representing the sun riding in a chariot. Just like metal tools and weaponry, the wheel has revolutionized many human activities, including agriculture, trade, military affairs, and town planning.
It is true; the Hippocratic Oath was crucial in shaping the discipline of medicine and still affects it. Its equivalent in law and jurisprudence is the Hammurabi Code. It was one of the first recorded state codes of legal rules and standards through which its creator, Hammurabi, controlled the socioeconomic and political processes in his lands (McClellan III & Dorn, 2006). Hammurabi was one of the many rulers of ancient Babylon. The researchers argue that the code even covered brewing, which was a significant industry in the Old World (McClellan III & Dorn, 2006). It has many concepts and principles that are considered fundamental today, such as the presumption of innocence. Nowadays, the code serves as an archaeological find through which historians explore and analyze the morals and ethics of those times.
McClellan III, J., E., & Dorn, H. (2006). Science and technology in world history: An introduction. The Johns Hopkins University Press.