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Tire Recycling, Compactor Machine and Clamp System

Waste or used tire is a mixture of rubber fillers bound with giant blenders. A typical tire combines 30 ingredients during its production phase (Ahmet 23). The features of tire production include ply, belt, shoulder, spie, & grove, beads, sidewall, read and rib. The production process combines different rubbers extracts called Banbury mixers to produce a dark rubber mix. Consequently, the mixture is then cooled in a special mill to improve its composition. The tire features are threaded into its properties to give a fished product (Kurt 18). Consequently, the finished product is compressed and cured with rubber molds to engrave the manufacturer’s identity and brand differentiation. However, the life cycle generates concern for environmentalist. Used tires cause environmental hazards and pollution if not properly managed. The effects of these challenges influenced the recycle measures of environmentalists and standard control agents (Mojtowicz 8).

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As a result, several recycling designs have been invented to reduce the health challenges of used tires. The procedures include collection, transporting, sorting, shredding, steel removal, grinding, testing, and distribution. However, these methods can be expensive compared to the compaction machine and clamping system. This report will describe the aims, technical information, problems, design concept, recycling procedures, and health benefits of recycled tires. The paper will explain the features of tire compaction and clamping system.

Aims and Objectives

Tires are manufactured with rubber, steel, and synthetic materials under pressure and gravity. As a result, the product becomes difficult to manage under normal conditions. The aims of the tire design machine include time efficiency, cost reduction, hazard control, raw materials availability, and waste control. However, the paper will focus on the tire compaction machine and clamping system Thus, an effective clamp and the compaction machine will reduce the menace of tire combustion.

Benefits of a Tire Compaction Machine

The products of tire conversion include mouse pads, rubber mulch, car mats, carpet underlay, parking curbs, speed bumps, roof shingles, and soaker hoses. Thus, an effective design of the tire compaction machine will save oil, energy, reduces pollution, influence reuse, improve landfill mass, reduce health problems, and emissions (Murugan 2760).

Technical Information

The compaction machine uses force, size, and pressure design to recycle waste tires. However, an effective clamp system must accommodate the size load and speed markings of used tires. The paper will summarize the size, load index, and speed markings of different tires. Tire production stipulates safety requirement using specific recommendations. The technical information about tire includes size, pressure, speed, load index, and force. As a result, manufacturers engrave the information on each product as required by law. The information provides guidance and tire options for different vehicles. This paper will summarize the load index, speed markings, and pressure chart of various tire products.

Table 1: Speed ratings

Please note that the speed ratings indicated the load capacity per tire. Thus, the value of each speed marking must be referenced to standard guidelines.

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Z 290 196 J 110 64
Y 290 196 I 110 63
X 290 187 H 110 56
W 270 187 G 100 53
V 270 168 F 80 53
U 270 168 E 80 44
T 230 169 D 70 34
S 230 168 C 70 33
R 230 112 B 65 31
Q 240 113 A 30 30
P 240 114 A 1 10 8
O 210 110 A2 15 8
N 210 98 A3 20 9
M 210 98 A4 25 12
L 120 99 A5 30 13
K 120 93 A6 35 16
A8 30 45 A7 40 18

Table 2: Load index of tire

Tire code Weight kg/lb Tire code Weight kg/lb Tire code Weight kg/lb
121 1445kg (3200 lb) 95 900/1900 78 425/940
120 1440/3000 94 850/1850 77 420/930
119 1370/3000 93 830/1700 76 415/920
118 1370/3000 92 700/1600 75 410/900
117 1320//2900 91 620/1600 74 400/890
116 1320/2830 90 600/1550 73 386/800
115 1280/2830 89 590/1400 72 370/788
114 1285/2830 88 580/1400 71 365/770
113 1275/2800 87 560/1390 70 350/740
112 1273/2800 86 500/1300 69 340/700
111 1215/2680 85 500/1290 68 320/690
110 1120/2600 84 500/1200 67 315/650
100 1120/2590 83 490/1190 66 310/630
99 1090/2500 83 482/1100 65 290/600
98 1085/2450 81 480/1000 64 250/590
97 1030/2300 80 430/990 63 232/550
96 1000/2000 79 400/950 62 220/530

The load index measures the tire capacity to resist pressure, force, and speed.

Table 3: Tire size chart

Codes Meaning
OD Overall tire diameter
SW Width
CI Circumference
RD Rim diameter
AR Aspect ratio
RE Revolution per mile
SH Section height

An example for 13 rim tire

Tire size markings OD (mm) OD (in) SW (mm) SW (in) AR SH (mm) SH (in) CI (mm) CI (in) RE (km) RE (mile)
125/80R13 530 20.9 125 4.9 80 100 3.9 1665 65.5 600.6 967.3
135/70R13 519 20.4 135 5.3 70 95 3.7 1630 64.2 613.5 986.9
135/80R13 546 21.5 135 5.3 80 108 4.3 1715 67.5 583.1 938.7
145/60R13 504 19.9 145 5.7 60 87 3.4 1583 62.3 631.7 1017.0
145/65R13 519 20.4 145 5.7 65 94 3.7 1629 64.1 613.9 988.5
145/70R13 533 21.0 145 5.7 70 102 4.0 1674 65.9 597.4 961.5
145/80R13 562 22.1 145 5.7 80 116 4.6 1765 69.5 566.6 911.7
155/65R13 532 20.9 155 6.1 65 101 4.0 1670 65.7 598.8 964.4
155/70R13 547 21.5 155 6.1 70 109 4.3 1718 67.6 582.1 937.3

Problem to Solve

To mitigate the effects of used tires in the environment, tire compaction and clamp design are recommended to solve the problem. The effect waste tires include pollution, health challenges, fire outbreak, storage space, transportation cost, and human safety.

Design Concept: Compaction Machine and Clamp System

The punch and die device uses pressure, and forces to bear and hold waste tires. The features of the punching device include a stripper, tire punch and the die. However, the clamp machine maintains a punch sequence and selection to improve the cut registration. The die punching machines can be used for die cutting, rubber shredding, embossing, and creasing jobs. Thus, waste tires are clamped and pressurized into various sized to ease transportation. The punch design depends on the manufacturer’s modification. However, manufacturers embed staples, clamps, flywheels, and cutters in the punch design to improve performance. The punch design can be mechanical, electronic, or pneumatic (Owen and Mervyn 790).

The design concept depends on its use and concept. However, the bulk density of each machine determines its use. Thus, an efficient compaction machine must pressurize and shred many tires to reduce labor time. The design is controlled by replaceable baled to boost efficiency. Consequently, the waste tires are mounted on a motorized piston which is driven by a pneumatic machine (Ozden 893). The cutter is placed inside the clamp wheel, which rotates at intervals to improve the cutting edge. The die section of the clamping system engages the cutting edge to regulate the piston’s balance. However, the piston mechanism engages the pressurized rotation of the die to reinforce the cutting motion of the punching machine.

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Health and Safety

Tire shredding require careful monitoring and implementation program. The tire components can cause health problems to the operator if not properly managed. As a result, the operator must wear a protective vest to avoid shredding hazards. Consequently, the synthetic components released during cutting must be cleaned to avoid environmental pollution. The machine components must be cleaned and lubricated daily to avoid rusting. The work area should have proper ventilation to avoid toxic inhalation and heart attack. However, a safety aid box must be labeled and position at strategic points.

Compaction and clamp designs
Compaction and clamp designs
Compaction and clamp designs
Compaction and clamp designs
Compaction and clamp designs
Compaction and clamp designs

Works Cited

Ahmet, Turer 2012, Recycling of Scrap Tires. Web.

Kurt, Reschner 2011, Scrap Tire Recycling; A Summary of Prevalent Disposal and Recycling Methods. Web.

Mojtowicz, Auisch. Pyrolysis of scrap tires: Can it be profitable? Web.

Murugan, Suram. “The Use of Tyre Pyrolysis Oil in Diesel Engines.” Waste Management 28.12 (2008): 2743-2749. Print.

Owen, Rosenboom and Mervyn Kowalsky. “Reversed In-Plane Cyclic Behavior of Posttensioned Clay Brick Masonry Walls.” The Journal of Structural Engineering ASCE 130.5 (2004): 787-798. Print.

Ozden, Ben. “Seismic base isolation using low-cost Scrap Tire Pads (STP).” Materials and Structures 43.6 (2013): 891–908. Print.

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