The purpose of this letter is to make investment recommendations about the purchase of stock relying on Apple’s financial performance. The calculated ratios indicate that Apple mostly outperforms the Computer Hardware industry. In particular, Apple’s acid test ratio is two times greater than the industry’s average. However, for the past two years, the company’s current ratio tends to be slightly smaller than the industry’s average. One may note that since Apple’s total assets cover its total liabilities, the company is not expected to experience liquidity problems (Atrill & McLaney, 2017).
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However, one of Apple’s main competitors, Samsung, has higher current (2.5 versus Apple’s 1.12) and acid test (2.109 versus Apple’s 1.09) ratios. Even though both companies are able to meet their short-term obligations, Samsung may do it more successfully.
Apple significantly underperformed its industry and Samsung in terms of ability to meet long-term obligations. The company’s debt-to-equity ratios are higher than the industry’s ratios for the past three years (“Computer hardware industry,” 2019). Interestingly, Samsung’s debt-to-equity ratio has remained relatively low for years 2016-2018, yet it is also higher than the industry’s average debt-to-equity ratio. While Apple’s debt-to-equity ratio is 1.07, Samsung’s ratio is just 0.38. Thus, Apple uses much more debt to finance its assets in relation to the shareholders’ equity than Samsung.
Speaking of profitability, Apple mostly outperforms the industry in terms of gross profit margin and net profit margin. While Samsung’s gross profit margins are higher than those of Apple, its net profit margins are lower than those of its competitors. Apple’s gross profit margin is 38%, and Samsung’s gross profit margin is 45%, though Apple’s net profit margin is 22%, whereas Samsung’s ratio is 18% (Apple Inc., 2018; Samsung Electronics, 2019). Even though Samsung generated more gross profit, it did not generate as much net profit as Apple did. Thus, Apple has a better ability to generate net profit relative to revenue.
The purchase of Apple’s stock is a viable option for several reasons. Firstly, the company is expected to meet its short-term obligations successfully. Secondly, its performance has been stable over the past three years and mainly above the industry’s averages. Thirdly, there is a constant growth in sales and gross profit, and net profit margins, which means that Apple rationally manages its expenses. However, the high debt-to-equity ratio should be viewed as a sign of concern as the company may not generate enough cash to meet its debt obligations.
Apple Inc. (2018). Form 10-K. Web.
Atrill, P., & McLaney, E. J. (2017). Accounting and finance for non-specialists (10th ed.). Harlow, UK: Pearson Education.
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Samsung Electronics. (2019). Consolidated financial statements of Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. and its subsidiaries index to financial statements. Web.