The bipolar disorder phenomenon, which is regarded by the modern medical community as another epidemic, requires special attention and resources. It is a condition in which extreme mood swings are present. Bipolar disorder includes emotional highs such as mania or hypomania, and low emotional highs such as depression (Carvalho & Vieta, 2017). Although it is lifelong, it is possible to manage mood swings and other symptoms by following a treatment plan.
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The rapid spread of this epidemic allows scientists to wonder about its nature. Bipolar disorder can be seen as a product of the advanced industrial society’s culture, formulating the demand for a consistently energetic creative worker. Since in connection with the computerization and robotization of monotonous manual labor, the massive need for a disciplined worker and office worker has disappeared (Carvalho & Vieta, 2017). Besides, the reasons can be identified as the pressure of the surrounding social environment, particularly the costs of urbanization and changes in individuals’ marriage and socioeconomic status.
In most cases, bipolar disorder is treated with medication and psychotherapy. The former includes mood-stabilizing drugs to relieve anxiety and insomnia, and antidepressants during the depressive phase (Carvalho & Vieta, 2017). It can take some period to define the right medications for bipolar disorder, and sometimes combining several drugs is the best option (Carvalho & Vieta, 2017). The choice of psychotherapy depends on the condition, stage of the disease, and the patient’s preferences. It can be made between educational therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, family psychotherapy, or, in a stable phase, psychodynamic therapy.
To summarize, the bipolar disorder should be regarded as an effect of the ongoing economic crises that accompany the lives of large numbers of people in the realities of a developed industrial society. The treatment strategy may differ at different stages, but it needs to consider that, in any case, the treatment is long. At the same time, the patient must constantly monitor his health and mood changes.
Carvalho, A. F., & Vieta, E. (2017). The treatment of bipolar disorder: Integrative clinical strategies and future directions. Oxford University Press.