Nowadays, it is not easy to surprise anyone with hybrid variations of cars. They are more profitable in terms of fuel consumption than cars equipped with internal combustion engines, and at the same time, cheaper than electric vehicles. However, few people know how hybrids work in general. The purpose of this work is to tell about the undeniable advantages of hybrid cars over traditional, already aging vehicles.
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Economical operation is one of the main advantages of hybrids. To achieve it, the designer had to look for a balance, i.e. to balance all the technical indicators of the car, while simultaneously keeping all the valuable parameters of a conventional vehicle. Its power, speed, ability to accelerate quickly, and many other very important characteristics inherent in modern cars should be present (Giorgio et al., 2020). In addition to the main obvious advantages, charging batteries has brought motorists some additional pleasant and essential things, for example, less wear on brake pads.
Reducing the consumption of carbon fuel by a hybrid power plant immediately affected the cleanliness of the environment. In places where cars are crowded on city roads, a complete stop of the engine plays the most crucial role, especially in traffic jams (Johan et al., 2019). The use of batteries of much smaller capacity than in electric vehicles has reduced the complexity of the production and disposal of used batteries. The development of hybrid technologies in public transport and trucks will further improve the ecological situation of cities. It is a great way to practice before purchasing a clean electric car for ecology lovers.
Energy Conservation and Reuse
The main disadvantage of a carbon-fueled engine has been eliminated — the inability to return energy to carbon fuel. An ordinary car, when braking, converts excess power into heat. If people brake intensely on a powerful vehicle, the brake discs will turn red hot. Transportation engineers have long tried to conserve the energy of movement during braking to reuse it. Hybrid cars act more humanely: when braking, their electric motors start working as generators, converting kinetic energy into electrical energy and charging batteries.
Good Driving Characteristics
In the case of a hybrid power plant, there is no need to install the engine based on peak operating loads. When a sharp increase in the traction load is necessary, at which the fuel consumption of a conventional engine increases by one and a half times. Both electric and conventional motors are switched on simultaneously (Vasily et al., 2019). It allows you to save money by installing a less powerful internal combustion engine that works most of the time in the most favorable mode. This uniform redistribution and accumulation of power, followed by rapid use, allow hybrid installations in sports class cars and SUVs. Thus, a hybrid vehicle, when accelerating, before starting to absorb gasoline in sips, first tries to “drink” the batteries, which, as a rule, turns out to be enough.
In general, a hybrid car does not cause more trouble than a traditional one — and in some cases, it turns out to be even more profitable. Today, with a high degree of confidence, we can say that the future belongs to electric cars, but the times when the internal combustion engine will completely go away will not come soon. “Hybrids” are a perfect intermediate option between the aging “old” and the not yet fully developed “new”. When buying a new model, you need to remember that it has fewer disadvantages than advantages, and perhaps, for this reason, hybrid cars have not been widely used in the world. It is hard to say when the final transition from one era to another will occur. Still, now manufacturers are saying that in 5-10 years, they will electrify all models produced to one degree or another. It does not mean that the internal combustion engine will disappear as a class, but hybrids will likely become the ubiquitous norm.
Giorgio, Z., Luka, D., & Herve, B. (2020). A tool for the assessment of the potential benefits of electric and hybrid cars for emissions reduction in urban areas. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 77(4), 703-723.
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Vasily, M., Shchasiana, A., Andrii, H., Vladimir D., & Svitlana, P. (2019). Substantiating the criteria for assessing the quality of asynchronous traction electric motors in electric vehicles and hybrid cars. Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, 36(10), 989-999.
Yuhan, H., Nic, C. S., Bruce, O., John, L. Z., Oscar, H. H., & Edward, F. C. (2019). Fuel consumption and emissions performance under real driving: Comparison between hybrid and conventional vehicles. Science of the Total Environment, 659(4), 275-282.