In recent years, California can run out of water because of technological and social problems affecting the region. From a policy perspective, defining water resources “development” is critically important. That concept typically now includes just such environmental and political attributes; and recently or currently favored approaches to development, such as sustainable development are designed specifically to recognize and attain those attributes.
specifically for you
for only $16.05 $11/page
Interns of general approach, the main causes of water shortage in California are inadequate water supply system built at th end of the Cold War. “The battle lines are predictable. Urban, industrial and agriculture groups are pushing hard for more “surface storage.” That’s California-speak for reservoirs” (MacDonald, 2001). A category of exchanges purports to meet the need of the state for a more general exchange of information regularly concerning not only the prevention of pollution but also the use and management of shared natural resources, such as the water resources of the local river basin. Such exchange often takes place in the framework of a permanent regional institution. This second category of exchange of information, even more than the first one, cannot be separated from ordinary consultation.
In terms of clinical theory, water shortage can be understood with the help of climate change models and pollution issues. “With declining snowfall and earlier snowmelts, there is nothing Los Angeles can do but borrow someone else’s water and get its hyperreal and hyper consumptive act together” (Thill, 2008). It seems to be the most appropriate way of establishing a reasonable and equitable use of shared natural resources, as is required by law. Indeed, the equitable apportionment of such resources can best be defined by way of negotiation, to harmonize the different economic, political, and social interests existing in each concerned city as to how the resource will be utilized. The experience provided by the management of watercourses abundantly illustrates such situations. The situation is about the same in defining the concrete conditions of equitable apportionment of an ecological resource. Lists of typical factors to be considered in this respect have been drawn up by several international bodies about equitable utilization, a claim that it had caused appreciable harm to another city through water pollution–by establishing that the pollution was within its rights of equitable utilization of the watercourse (MacDonald, 2001; Thrill, 2008).
The system approach allows saying that water shortage is a global problem of the region caused by water pollution and inadequate policies of the state. It is evident, on one hand, that the former position is the more “environmentally sound,” in that it would make it unlawful for a State to pollute an international watercourse in a manner or to an extent that exceeds the “appreciable harm” threshold Within the atmosphere there are several processes (transport and chemical and physical transformations) that control the deposition rate to the next environmental reservoir–the soils (MacDonald, 2001; Thrill, 2008). Once the chemical and physical changes in the atmosphere, soil, and surface water reservoirs are understood, the biological changes can be addressed. Current laws and regulations in California State contain many propositions that cannot be yet regarded as compulsory under general environmental law. Acid deposition is a local problem, a regional problem, and a continental problem. To a lesser degree (because sulfur and nitrogen are deposited from the atmosphere relatively rapidly), it is also a hemispheric and a global problem.
- MacDonald, S. California’s Next Crisis? The Golden State may soon run out of water, too. 2001.
- Thill, S. When Will Los Angeles Run Out of Water? Sooner Than You Think. AlterNet.