Technological Optimism and Pessimism
Technology has revolutionized the production of goods and services to ensure people live happily. The need to use modern technology has enabled people to save time, energy, and get quality products and services. This discussion explores the future and impacts of cloning on modern societies.
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This is the production of individuals through laboratory processes that involve combining the male and female reproductive cells. Cloning gives patients and doctors hope that organ failure will be managed through transplants. Also, it enables scientists to develop species that have the desired qualities. For instance, genetically modified vegetables, fruits, and cereals have helped farmers get breeds that mature faster and are more resistant to diseases. Moreover, this practice alters individuals’ genes, and thus it is easy to reproduce animals and plants with different traits.
On the other hand, cloning violates religious beliefs that regard God as the author of life. Also, it is costly, and this means that developing nations cannot afford them. Therefore, they have to rely on developed countries to help them, and this promotes dependency. Moreover, it does not respect the sanctity of life and gives people the power to destroy living things. Cloned people will not have positive self-esteem because they will be discriminated against by those born through natural means. Artificial reproduction violates the rules of nature that encourages sexual relations as ways of reproducing new individuals.
Technology is essential in modern societies, but people should be cautious when adopting new practices. Right technology should be economical and not violate the moral and religious beliefs of people. There is hope that people can use technology to improve life if they reduce or eliminate its negative impacts.
Negative Impacts of Computers and Related Software
Computers have led to the introduction of the internet, and this has enabled people to communicate efficiently. However, social sites have limited people’s physical interaction because they do not see the need to visit others, yet they can communicate through the internet. Like family ties, human relations have disintegrated because people are not interested in traveling to their homes. Secondly, the internet has many fraudsters that use the information of other people to steal from them. There is no adequate security regarding internet use because cybercriminals steal money from users that do not protect their online accounts from unauthorized access. Lastly, computer games and social networks have been misused, and children waste a lot of their study time playing online games. Employees spend most of their time chatting with colleagues or family members and forget their work. Social sites expose children to pornography, drugs, violence, and vulgar language, affecting their growth and development.
Software developers should establish ways of ensuring children are not exposed to adult content by requiring users to verify their ages through complicated procedures. Security measures should be developed to provide phone and biometric verifications are required before users sign into their online accounts. Moreover, people should avoid replacing physical interactions with chat rooms. They should make regular visits to see their parents, siblings, or friends strengthen their relations.
However, the solutions above have not been enforced because most internet users do not like lengthy verification procedures before signing into their online accounts. In addition, people have a lot of work, and they cannot afford to visit their friends and relatives; therefore, they resort to chatting with them to save time and travel costs. Lastly, most people are computer illiterate and do not know how to secure their online accounts. Some people forget to sign out after using social sites, while others misplace their passwords and usernames.
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Ethical Obligation of Information Posted on Personal Websites
Social websites like Facebook and Twitter allow users to post, read, and share information regarding politics, economy, religion, sports, nature, and celebrities. However, sometimes the information individuals post on their personal websites may not be accurate. People should take responsibility for what happens on their personal websites to ensure they are not used to spread false information. The usernames, passwords, and other information requested during registration on various websites provide there is restricted access to personal data. Therefore, individuals should ensure they post accurate information on their websites. This will reduce cases of incitement, character defamation, fraud, and propaganda in social media.
On the other hand, web users have the responsibility of ensuring that they do not use information posted on personal websites before evaluating their accuracy. Social sites are common grounds for sharing false information, and this means that it is not easy to control how people use their personal websites. However, it is essential for people to examine the source and purpose of the information available on the internet before using it. This will help people to avoid being misled by cybercriminals and users that want to incite, cheat, and threaten others. Web-users should not trust any information from social websites before evaluating their accuracy and purpose.
Some nations have established rules governing the use of social websites. This means that any information posted on a personal website will be perceived to have originated from the owner. Therefore, people should take responsibility for what happens on their personal websites by keeping their login details safe and avoiding sharing information that has not been verified.
Using Social Websites to Check the Character of Potential Employees
Social websites enable people to express their opinions regarding various social, political, and economic issues. They offer platforms for people to interact with friends, family members, and strangers. The information available on a personal website can tell others about the personality of the owner. Therefore, employers should use these websites and postings to check the character and other non-technical aspects of potential employees. This will enable them to know the views of their workers regarding political, economic, and social issues. In addition, this practice will allow employers to understand how their potential employees manage sensitive issues that affect their relations with colleagues, neighbors, and friends. The skills of a potential employee can be evaluated by checking how the person communicates with others on social sites.
However, employers should know that potential employees have the right to deny or allow them access to their accounts. In addition, they should not go beyond the boundaries of privacy by probing other online users to give information about an individual. Moreover, the information they collect from personal websites should not be used for other purposes except evaluating the abilities and character of potential employees.
Jacquelyn Smith, a Forbes worker, believes that her company is justified to check the personal websites of potential employees to understand their personalities. She argues that people should contribute to the social network community by participating in group discussions, sharing their expertise, and referring others to articles and sites. Therefore, potential employees should not be uncomfortable when putting themselves to the public because it enables employers to understand them.